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Forensic Geneticists and the Transnational Exchange of DNA data in the EU: Engaging Science with Social Control, Citizenship and Democracy

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 EXCHANGE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the EXCHANGE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "EXCHANGE" about.

2008    purpose    individuals    ethnographic    techno    immigration    living    scrutinizing    uk    picture    tackles    law    cooperation    countries    crimes    combating    engage    create    framework    interviews    surveillance    uuml    searching    genetics    portugal    close    reciprocal    shared    understand    local    exchange    actors    sciences    acute    succeeds    obliges    agencies    cultural    data    stimulates    dna    today    genetic    context    million    border    qualitative    scenario    scientific    justice    dialogue    links    authors    science    conducting    forensic    boundaries    netherlands    decision    cross    specialised    expert    unrivalled    criminal    capacity    questions    transnational    light    truth    ideology    attributed    profiles    societal    play    belief    automated    positionings    terrorism    age    outputs    relation    germany    interdisciplinary    observation    illegal    national    democracy    pr    objectivity    crime    political    raises    investigation    geneticists    exchanged    social    citizenship   

Project "EXCHANGE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 3000 995

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Portugal [PT]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙838˙150 €
 EC max contribution 1˙838˙150 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-10-01   to  2020-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CENTRO DE ESTUDOS SOCIAIS PT (COIMBRA) coordinator 1˙838˙150.00


 Project objective

Today we are living in the “genetic age” of criminal investigation. There is a widespread cultural belief that DNA technology has the unrivalled capacity to identify authors of crimes. In light of this ideology, EU Law (Prüm Decision, 2008) obliges all Member States to create the conditions for the reciprocal automated searching and comparison of information on DNA data for the purpose of combating cross-border crime, terrorism and illegal immigration. Forensic geneticists play a crucial role in this scenario: they develop the techno-scientific procedures that enable DNA data to be shared across national boundaries. EXCHANGE aims to understand the close links between a highly specialised field of expert knowledge – forensic genetics – and surveillance in the EU. If the EU succeeds in this political project, about 10 million genetic profiles of identified individuals will be exchanged between agencies in all EU countries. This raises acute cultural, political and societal challenges. EXCHANGE aims to address these challenges by scrutinizing how forensic geneticists, within the context of the transnational exchange of DNA data in the EU, engage with the social values attributed to science – i.e. objectivity, truth – and the values of social control, citizenship and democracy. The expected outputs are: 1. To provide a general picture of the Prüm framework by conducting interviews with forensic geneticists in all EU countries; 2. To develop in-depth knowledge of forensic geneticists’ activities relating to Prüm using ethnographic observation and qualitative analysis of criminal cases; 3. To study countries with different local positionings in relation to Prüm by means of a comparative study involving Portugal, Germany, the Netherlands and the UK. EXCHANGE stimulates interdisciplinary dialogue between the social sciences and the forensic genetics. This research also tackles questions that are relevant to all the actors involved in criminal justice cooperation in the EU.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Sara Matos
Privacy and data protection in the surveillance society: The case of the Prüm system
published pages: 155-161, ISSN: 1752-928X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jflm.2019.07.001
Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 66 2020-04-06
2020 Helena Machado, Rafaela Granja
DNA Transnational Data Journeys and the Constuction of Categories of Suspicion
published pages: , ISSN: 1499-6642, DOI: 10.22230/cjc.2020v45n1a3441
Canadian Journal of Communication 45/1 2020-04-06
2020 Nina Amelung, Rafaela Granja, Helena Machado
Communicating Forensic Genetics: \'Enthusiastic\' Publics and the Management of Expectations
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Exploring Science Communication: A Science and Technology Studies Approach 2020-04-06
2019 Filipa Queirós
The visibilities and invisibilities of race entangled with forensic DNA phenotyping technology
published pages: 101858, ISSN: 1752-928X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jflm.2019.08.002
Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 68 2020-04-06
2019 Helena Machado, Rafaela Granja
Risks and benefits of transnational exchange of forensic DNA data in the EU: The views of professionals operating the Prüm system
published pages: 101872, ISSN: 1752-928X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jflm.2019.101872
Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 68 2020-04-06
2019 Helena Machado, Rafaela Granja, Nina Amelung
Constructing Suspicion Through Forensic DNA Databases in the EU. The Views of the Prüm Professionals
published pages: 141-159, ISSN: 0007-0955, DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azz057
The British Journal of Criminology 60/1 2020-04-06
2019 Helena Machado, Rafaela Granja
Police epistemic culture and boundary work with judicial authorities and forensic scientists: the case of transnational DNA data exchange in the EU
published pages: 1-19, ISSN: 1463-6778, DOI: 10.1080/14636778.2019.1609350
New Genetics and Society 2020-04-06
2019 Machado, Helena; Queirós, Filipa; Martins, Marta; Granja, Rafaela; Matos, Sara
Vigilância genética, criminalização e coletivização da suspeição
published pages: 529-548, ISSN: , DOI:
Desigualdades Sociais e Políticas Públicas: Homenagem a Manuel Carlos Silva 2020-04-06
2019 Helena Machado, Susana Silva
What influences public views on forensic DNA testing in the criminal field? A scoping review of quantitative evidence
published pages: 1-13, ISSN: 1479-7364, DOI: 10.1186/s40246-019-0207-5
Human Genomics 13/1 2020-04-06
2019 Rafaela Granja, Helena Machado
Ethical Controversies of Familial Searching: The Views of Stakeholders in the United Kingdom and in Poland
published pages: 16224391982821, ISSN: 0162-2439, DOI: 10.1177/0162243919828219
Science, Technology, & Human Values 2020-04-06
2019 Victor Toom, Rafaela Granja, Anika Ludwig
The Prüm Decisions as an Aspirational regime: Reviewing a Decade of Cross-Border Exchange and Comparison of Forensic DNA Data
published pages: 50-57, ISSN: 1872-4973, DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2019.03.023
Forensic Science International: Genetics 41 2020-04-06
2019 Nina Amelung, Helena Machado
Affected for good or for evil : The formation of issue-publics that relate to the UK National DNA Database
published pages: 96366251983634, ISSN: 0963-6625, DOI: 10.1177/0963662519836346
Public Understanding of Science 2020-04-06
2019 Helena Machado
Geopolítica do DNA
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Dicionário Alice 2020-04-06
2018 Diana Miranda, Helena Machado
Photographing prisoners: The unworthy, unpleasant and unchanging criminal body
published pages: 174889581880074, ISSN: 1748-8966, DOI: 10.1177/1748895818800747
Criminology & Criminal Justice 2020-04-06
2018 Helena Machado, Marta Martins, Filipe Santos
O “suspeito genético”: desafios bioéticos da partilha transnacional de informação genética forense
published pages: 315-336, ISSN: , DOI:
Bioética no Século XXI 2020-04-06
2017 Marta Martins
Perspetivas cidadãs sobre participação em biobancos médicos e para investigação científica
published pages: 224-243, ISSN: , DOI:
Genética e Cidadania 2020-04-06
2017 Machado, Helena
Genética e cidadania no século XXI: Uma breve porém crítica revisitação
published pages: 7-12, ISSN: , DOI:
Genética e Cidadania 2020-04-06
2016 Isabelle Budin-Ljøsne, Deborah Mascalzoni, Sirpa Soini, Helena Machado, Jane Kaye, Heidi Beate Bentzen, Emmanuelle Rial-Sebbag, Flavio D\'Abramo, Michał Witt, Geneviève Schamps, Višnja Katić, Dusanca Krajnovic, Jennifer R. Harris
Feedback of Individual Genetic Results to Research Participants: Is It Feasible in Europe?
published pages: 241-248, ISSN: 1947-5535, DOI: 10.1089/bio.2015.0115
Biopreservation and Biobanking 14/3 2020-04-06
2017 Filipa Queirós
Trajetórias vigilantes: As tecnologias de ADN enquanto mecanismos de vigilância sobre os cidadãos
published pages: 126-146, ISSN: , DOI:
Genética e Cidadania 2020-04-06
2018 Sara Matos
Biometria e privacidade: desafios bioéticos na cooperação policial e judicial na União Europeia
published pages: 255-286, ISSN: , DOI:
Bioética no Século XXI 2020-04-06
2017 Rafaela Granja
Crime e família no entrecruzamento da genética e do controlo social: Velhas e novas racionalidades científicas
published pages: 35-52, ISSN: , DOI:
Genética e Cidadania 2020-04-06
2015 Helena Machado, Susana Silva
Voluntary Participation in Forensic DNA Databases
published pages: 322-343, ISSN: 0162-2439, DOI: 10.1177/0162243915604723
Science, Technology, & Human Values 41/2 2020-04-06
2016 Susana Costa
Visibilities, invisibilities and twilight zones at the crime scene in Portugal
published pages: 375-399, ISSN: 1463-6778, DOI: 10.1080/14636778.2017.1394835
New Genetics and Society 36/4 2020-04-06
2016 Santos, Filipe
Overview of the implementation of the Prüm Decisions
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
1 2020-04-06
2017 Machado, Helena
“Genótipos de difícil socialização”: Crime, genética, neurociências e ethos científico
published pages: 53-67, ISSN: , DOI:
Genética e Cidadania 2020-04-06
2017 Machado, Helena (Org.)
Genética e Cidadania
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2017 Sara Matos
Salvaguardar o futuro? Perspetivas de casais face à criopreservação do sangue do cordão umbilical
published pages: 207-219, ISSN: , DOI:
Genética e Cidadania 2020-04-06
2017 Helnena Machado, Catarina Samorinha, Filipe Santos
Genes maus, genes bons: Rumos da justiça personalizada e desafios à cidadania
published pages: 15-34, ISSN: , DOI:
Genética e Cidadania 2020-04-06
2018 Helena Machado, Rafaela Granja
Ethics in Transnational Forensic DNA Data Exchange in the EU: Constructing Boundaries and Managing Controversies
published pages: 242-264, ISSN: 0950-5431, DOI: 10.1080/09505431.2018.1425385
Science as Culture 27/2 2020-04-06
2016 Machado, Helena
Culturas de objetividade, epistemologias cívicas e o suspeito transnacional. Uma proposta para mapeamentos teóricos em estudos sociais da genética forense
published pages: 179-203, ISSN: , DOI:
Antropologia da ciência e da tecnologia: Dobras reflexivas 2020-04-06
2018 Filipa Queirós
Retratos Biogenéticos no Combate à Criminalidade: Desafios Éticos e Sociais
published pages: 287-313, ISSN: , DOI:
Bioética no Século XXI 2020-04-06
2016 Victor Toom, Matthias Wienroth, Amade M’charek, Barbara Prainsack, Robin Williams, Troy Duster, Torsten Heinemann, Corinna Kruse, Helena Machado, Erin Murphy
Approaching ethical, legal and social issues of emerging forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP) technologies comprehensively: Reply to ‘Forensic DNA phenotyping: Predicting human appearance from crime scene material for investigative purposes’ by Manfred Kayser
published pages: e1-e4, ISSN: 1872-4973, DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2016.01.010
Forensic Science International: Genetics 22 2020-04-06
2017 Filipe Santos, Helena Machado
Patterns of exchange of forensic DNA data in the European Union through the Prüm system
published pages: 307-313, ISSN: 1355-0306, DOI: 10.1016/j.scijus.2017.04.001
Science & Justice 57/4 2020-04-06
2015 Helena Machado, Susana Silva
Public Perspectives on Risks and Benefits of Forensic DNA Databases
published pages: 16-24, ISSN: 0270-4676, DOI: 10.1177/0270467615616297
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society 35/1-2 2020-04-06
2017 Marta Martins, Helena Machado
Entre a utopia e a distopia dos biobancos: (d)esperanças, riscos e benefícios pela voz dos cidadãos
published pages: 201-226, ISSN: , DOI:
Promessas e incertezas da ciência: Perspectivas antropológicas sobre saúde, cuidado e controle 2020-04-06
2018 Machado, Helena; Queirós, Filipa; Martins, Marta; Granja, Rafaela; Matos, Sara
Vigilância genética, criminalização e coletivização da suspeição
published pages: 529-548, ISSN: , DOI:
Desigualdades Sociais e Políticas Públicas: Homenagem a Manuel Carlos Silva 2020-04-06

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