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INQMINDS SIGNED

The Evolutionary and Developmental Origins of Inquiring Minds: Studies of Causal Reasoning; Curiosity and Executive Control

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 INQMINDS project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the INQMINDS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "INQMINDS" about.

chimpanzees    mind    minds    natural    sectional    mechanisms    examines    executive    memory    deep    first    correlates    perceptual    seemed    broad    physical    little    argues    mechanics    individuals    cognitive    primate    human    lines    revealing    causes    designed    abstract    correlate    performance    tools    vastly    flourish    learning    individual    theory    collider    implicates    reasoning    hidden    social    brief    cognition    intervention    roots    childhood    causal    manipulated    undergo    hominid    eye    evolutionary    line    reinterpret    relationships    skills    rule    tests    subjects    opaque    hadron    compare    simpler    explores    interact    function    evolution    disentangle    apes    rely    single    too    contrast    superior    intersection    course    cross    situation    world    shifting    big    humans    radical    met    inquiring    exploration    look    surface    made    distinction    experiments    inhibition    functions    primates    difference    explore    seductively    differences    seek    battery    levels    observation    appearances    telescopes   

Project "INQMINDS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS 

Organization address
address: NORTH STREET 66 COLLEGE GATE
city: ST ANDREWS
postcode: KY16 9AJ
website: www.st-andrews.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 1˙500˙000 €
 EC max contribution 1˙500˙000 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-08-01   to  2021-01-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS UK (ST ANDREWS) coordinator 1˙500˙000.00

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 Project objective

Human technology is vastly superior to that of other apes: human tools from telescopes to the Large Hadron Collider exploit causal relationships but also explore them. What change over the brief course of hominid evolution made for such a big difference? One theory implicates a single cognitive distinction: the ability to reinterpret the world in abstract terms. In contrast, in several studies, chimpanzees seemed to rely on surface appearances, as if for the apes there was no more to the situation than met the eye. The theory is seductively simple, but this proposal argues that it is too early to rule out deep evolutionary roots for inquiring minds. Experiments designed specifically to compare humans and other primates are proposed covering two broad lines of study: causal cognition and executive function. To disentangle causal reasoning from simpler mechanisms three approaches are planned. The first will look at intervention: will subjects use exploration to seek hidden causes? The second will focus on natural mechanics: do subjects reason about physical properties or rely on perceptual correlates? The third examines causal learning from observation when the task’s mechanics are opaque. The second line of study explores executive functions. An inquiring primate mind could flourish if more information could be held in mind and manipulated. But we know little about how executive functions compare across primates. A new test battery will explore levels of working memory, inhibition, and attention shifting. Executive functions undergo radical development in human childhood, and individual differences correlate with performance on tests of physical and social reasoning. The intersection between these skills may therefore be particularly revealing. This proposal aims to use cross-sectional testing of causal cognition and executive control in the same individuals to explore how these cognitive skills interact to produce inquiring minds.

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