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IPPAD SIGNED

Effect of 4500bar injection pressure and super-critical phase change of surrogate and real-world fuels enriched with additives and powering Diesel engines on soot emissions reduction

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 IPPAD project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the IPPAD project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "IPPAD" about.

pollutant    optical    dns    imaging    explored    critical    operation    performed    4500bar    pressures    2000    japan    pressure    tests    mixing    identification    deposits    missing    injection    china    tools    esrs    simultaneously    diesel    cavitation    laser    reduce    energy    injectors    experimentally    15    fuels    centres    directives    les    reduction    nozzle    equation    soot    property    forthcoming    recruited    structure    2020    world    spray    experimental    cvc    ct    universities    environmental    coupling    plus    industry    emission    cylinder    surrogate    tested    speed    esr    models    simulation    injected    utilising    bubble    enriched    computationally    supercritical    central    relative    additives    korea    elevated    clean    literature    oxidation    rays    seconded    rans    industrial    underpinning    micro    dynamics    point    manufacturers    quality    multinational    validated    technologies    diagnostics    summer    emissions    flow    atomisation    engine    combustion    temperatures    boiling    aged    macroscopic    geometry    engines    independently    molecular    beds    fuel    techniques    internal    single   

Project "IPPAD" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
CITY UNIVERSITY OF LONDON 

Organization address
address: NORTHAMPTON SQUARE
city: LONDON
postcode: EC1V 0HB
website: www.city.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website http://www.ippad-itn.eu
 Total cost 3˙928˙243 €
 EC max contribution 3˙928˙243 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.1. (Fostering new skills by means of excellent initial training of researchers)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-ITN-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-ITN-ETN
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2019-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    CITY UNIVERSITY OF LONDON UK (LONDON) coordinator 546˙575.00
2    FRIEDRICH-ALEXANDER-UNIVERSITAET ERLANGEN NUERNBERG DE (ERLANGEN) participant 747˙649.00
3    AFTON CHEMICAL LIMITED UK (LONDON BERKSHIRE) participant 546˙575.00
4    LUNDS UNIVERSITET SE (LUND) participant 527˙318.00
5    IFP Energies nouvelles FR (RUEIL MALMAISON) participant 525˙751.00
6    AVL LIST GMBH AT (GRAZ) participant 511˙868.00
7    PERKINS ENGINES COMPANY LTD UK (PETERBOROUGH) participant 273˙287.00
8    TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN DE (MUENCHEN) participant 249˙216.00
9    Argonne National Laboratory US (Argonne) partner 0.00
10    Arizona University US (Tucson) partner 0.00
11    BP INTERNATIONAL LIMITED UK (SUNBURY ON THAMES) partner 0.00
12    Caterpilar Fuel systems US (Pontiac) partner 0.00
13    Kora Advanced Institute of Technology KR (Daejeon) partner 0.00
14    OMV REFINING & MARKETING GMBH AT (WIEN) partner 0.00
15    Renault Cars FR (Boulogne-Billancourt) partner 0.00
16    Sandia Corporation US (Albuquerque) partner 0.00
17    Shanghai Jiaotong University CN (Shanghai) partner 0.00
18    Tokyo Densu University JP (Tokyo) partner 0.00
19    Virginia Commonweath University US (Richmond) partner 0.00
20    Volvo Cars Corporation SE (Göteborg) partner 0.00

Map

 Project objective

Reduction of soot emissions from Diesel engines will be explored by utilising simultaneously (a) injection pressure between 2000-4500bar, (b) engine operation at supercritical conditions relative to the injected fuel’s critical point and (c) additives that improve atomisation and reduce pollutant formation. The detailed processes of nozzle flow cavitation/boiling, atomisation, phase-change and mixing, combustion and soot emissions under such conditions will be explored both experimentally and computationally. Experimental techniques include fuel property measurements, optical/laser diagnostics, high speed imaging, micro CT and high energy X-rays. Tests will be performed in CVC, optical engines, single-cylinder and production engine test beds. Identification of nozzle’s internal geometry and testing of clean and aged injectors with internal deposits build-up is central to the programme. Simulation tools to be developed include molecular-structure-based equation of state for the properties of surrogate, ‘summer’ Diesel and low quality Diesel fuels enriched with additives at elevated pressures/temperatures, DNS for bubble dynamics, cavitation and fuel atomisation, and soot oxidation in LES/RANS models coupling the in-nozzle flow with the macroscopic fuel spray development, mixing and pollutant formation in engines. The validated simulation models will be used as design tools to industrial development of fuels, fuel injection systems and Diesel engines. The 15 EU-funded ESRs plus 1 ESR funded independently by industry, will be recruited/seconded by universities, research centres and multinational engine, fuel injection system, fuel and fuel additives manufacturers from the EU, US, China, Japan and S.Korea. The new tests and the developed simulation tools, currently missing from the literature, will allow for an environmental assessment of the tested technologies at ‘real-world’ operating conditions, underpinning the forthcoming 2020 EU emission reduction directives.

 Deliverables

List of deliverables.
Nozzle flow for aged injectors exhibiting internal deposits Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:45
CGS model for the effect of fuels/additives on primary atomisation Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:25
Property measurements for fuels enriched with additives Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:33
EoS of additised fuels Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:24
Supercritical spray development in idealised configurations Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:28
SGS model for the effect of fuels/additive on atomisation Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:12
Measurements for late-cycle soot oxidation in optical engines Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:31:04
mCT measurements in transparent nozzle replicas Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:44
Blackbody emission imaging and LII for spray combustion Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:25
Predictions with the above model in Diesel engines Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:40
Demonstration of technique in high pressure burner and optical engines Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:36
Supercritical atomisation visualisation for main injection events Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:31:04
Simulation of integrated technologies on combustion Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:31:04
Supercritical spray characterisation of additised fuels Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:39
Cavitation visualisation in true-scale optical Diesel injectors Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:34
Simulation of soot emissions from Diesel engines/environmental assessm Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:35
Soot measurements in optical engines for various fuels/injectors Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:23
LES methodology coupled in-nozzle flow and spray formation Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:21
Development of soot measurement technique in high pressure Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:25
Numerical predictions of soot emissions from engines Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:29
Supercritical spray development under engine driving conditions Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:31:02
Heterogeneous soot oxidation kinetic mechanism Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:30
EoS of non-additised fuels Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:50
DNS methodology for atomisation at supercritical conditions Documents, reports 2020-02-12 12:30:23
Property measurements for non-additised fuels Documents, reports 2019-07-09 17:24:57
Nozzle flow simulations for clean injectors Documents, reports 2019-07-09 17:24:57
Implementation of real fluid EoS into IFPEN code Documents, reports 2019-07-09 17:24:57
Project website Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-07-09 17:24:57
DNS studies for surfactant activity Documents, reports 2019-07-09 17:24:57
Soot measurements in metallic engines Documents, reports 2019-07-09 17:24:57
Supercritical atomisation visualisation for pilot injection events Documents, reports 2019-07-09 17:24:57
Soot formation in vapour fuel burners Documents, reports 2019-07-09 17:24:57
Supercritical spray characterisation of non-additised fuels Documents, reports 2019-07-09 17:24:57

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of IPPAD deliverables.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Michel Keller, Theodorus de Bruin, Mickaël Matrat, André Nicolle, Laurent Catoire
A Theoretical Multiscale Approach to Study the Initial Steps Involved in the Chemical Reactivity of Soot Precursors
published pages: 10255-10266, ISSN: 0887-0624, DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.9b02284
Energy & Fuels 33/10 2019-11-07
2018 Javad Rezaei, Sebastian Reis, Andreas Peter, Michael Wensing
Investigation of Phase Change Mechanisms of n-Alkanes Injected in sub-and Supercritical Conditions
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems 2019-10-31
2019 Jian-Hang Wang, Shucheng Pan, Xiangyu Y. Hu, Nikolaus A. Adams
A split random time-stepping method for stiff and nonstiff detonation capturing
published pages: 397-413, ISSN: 0010-2180, DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2019.03.034
Combustion and Flame 204 2019-10-31
2018 Rajendar R. Mallepally, Babatunde A. Bamgbade, Aaron J. Rowane, Houman B. Rokni, Matthew S. Newkirk, Mark A. McHugh
Fluid properties at high pressures and temperatures: Experimental and modelling challenges
published pages: 33-40, ISSN: 0896-8446, DOI: 10.1016/j.supflu.2017.12.003
The Journal of Supercritical Fluids 134 2019-10-31
2019 Jian-Hang Wang, Shucheng Pan, Xiangyu Y. Hu, Nikolaus A. Adams
A species-clustered splitting scheme for the integration of large-scale chemical kinetics using detailed mechanisms
published pages: 41-54, ISSN: 0010-2180, DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2019.03.036
Combustion and Flame 205 2019-10-31
2018 C. Rodriguez, A. Vidal, P. Koukouvinis, M. Gavaises, M.A. McHugh
Simulation of transcritical fluid jets using the PC-SAFT EoS
published pages: 444-468, ISSN: 0021-9991, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2018.07.030
Journal of Computational Physics 374 2019-10-31
2019 Jianhang Wang, Songzhi Yang, Chaouki Habchi, Xiangyu Hu, Nikolaus Adams
A multi-component real-fluid two-phase flow solver with high-order finite-difference schemes
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the 29th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems 2019-10-31
2019 Aaron J. Rowane, Rajendar R. Mallepally, Ashutosh Gupta, Manolis Gavaises, Mark A. MHugh
High-Temperature, High-Pressure Viscosities and Densities of n -Hexadecane, 2,2,4,4,6,8,8-Heptamethylnonane, and Squalane Measured Using a Universal Calibration for a Rolling-Ball Viscometer/Densimeter
published pages: 4303-4316, ISSN: 0888-5885, DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b05952
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 58/10 2019-10-31
2019 Babazadehrokni, H. B
Thermo-physical property models for well-characterized hydrocarbon mixtures and fuels and effect of composition on fluid properties up to 4,500 bar
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2019-10-31
2019 C. Rodriguez, P. Koukouvinis, M. Gavaises
Simulation of supercritical diesel jets using the PC-SAFT EoS
published pages: 48-65, ISSN: 0896-8446, DOI: 10.1016/j.supflu.2018.11.003
The Journal of Supercritical Fluids 145 2019-10-31
2018 Vidal Roncero A. , Koukouvinis F., Gavaises, M.
On the effect of realistic multicomponent diesel surrogates on cavitation and in-nozzle flow
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the IMechE Fuel systems: engines: Inject your ideas, Fuel your technology 2019-10-31
2018 Alvaro Vidal, Carlos Rodriguez, Phoevos Koukouvinis, Manolis Gavaises, Mark A McHugh
Modelling of Diesel fuel properties through its surrogates using Perturbed-Chain, Statistical Associating Fluid Theory
published pages: 146808741880171, ISSN: 1468-0874, DOI: 10.1177/1468087418801712
International Journal of Engine Research 2019-10-31
2019 Songzhi Yang
Modeling of Diesel injection in subcritical and supercritical conditions
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2019-10-31
2019 Natascia Palazzo, Matthias Kögl, Philipp Bauer, Manu Naduvil Mannazhi, Lars Zigan, Franz Johann Thomas Huber, Stefan Will
Investigation of Soot Formation in a Novel Diesel Fuel Burner
published pages: 1993, ISSN: 1996-1073, DOI: 10.3390/en12101993
Energies 12/10 2019-10-31
2019 Carlos Rodriguez
Supercritical, transcritical and subcritical real-fluid mixing at high-pressure conditions using the PC-SAFT EoS
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2019-10-31
2019 Yi Ping, Sajad Jafari, Songzhi Yang, Chaouki Habchi
Numerical analysis of droplets subcritical evaporation and transcritical mixing using a tabulated real-fluid thermodynamics method coupled to a homogeneous equilibrium model
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the 29th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems 2019-10-31
2019 J. Simonsson, A. Gunnarsson, M. Naduvil Mannazhi, D. Bäckström, K. Andersson, P.-E. Bengtsson
In-situ soot characterization of propane flames and influence of additives in a 100 kW oxy-fuel furnace using two-dimensional laser-induced incandescence
published pages: 833-840, ISSN: 1540-7489, DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2018.05.035
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 37/1 2019-10-31
2018 Songzhi Yang, Chaouki Habchi, Yi Ping, Rafael Lugo
Towards a multicomponent real-fluid fully compressible two-phase flow model
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems 2019-10-31
2018 Rodriguez C., Vidal A., Koukouvinis P. and Gavaises M.
Simulation of transcritical Diesel jets using the PC-SAFT EoS
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems 2019-10-31
2019 Houman B. Rokni, Joshua D. Moore, Ashutosh Gupta, Mark A. McHugh, Rajendar R. Mallepally, Manolis Gavaises
General method for prediction of thermal conductivity for well-characterized hydrocarbon mixtures and fuels up to extreme conditions using entropy scaling
published pages: 594-604, ISSN: 0016-2361, DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.02.044
Fuel 245 2019-10-31
2019 Rodriguez C., Rokni H. B. Koukouvinis P. , Gupta, A. and Gavaise M.
CFD simulation of pseudo-diesel injections at high-load conditions employing the PC-SAFT EoS and VLE calculations
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the 29th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems 2019-10-31
2019 Houman B. Rokni, Ashutosh Gupta, Joshua D. Moore, Mark A. McHugh, Babatunde A. Bamgbade, Manolis Gavaises
Purely predictive method for density, compressibility, and expansivity for hydrocarbon mixtures and diesel and jet fuels up to high temperatures and pressures
published pages: 1377-1390, ISSN: 0016-2361, DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2018.09.041
Fuel 236 2019-10-31
2019 Vidal Roncero A. , Koukouvinis P. and Gavaises M.
Effect of Diesel injection pressures up to 450MPa on in-nozzle flow using realistic multicomponent surrogates
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the 29th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems 2019-10-31
2019 Jian-Hang Wang, Shucheng Pan, Xiangyu Y. Hu, Nikolaus A. Adams
Partial characteristic decomposition for multi-species Euler equations
published pages: 364-382, ISSN: 0045-7930, DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2019.01.023
Computers & Fluids 181 2019-10-31
2018 Vidal Roncero A., Gavaises M., Koukouvinis P., Rodriguez C.
Effect of realistic multicomponent diesel surrogates on predicted in-nozzle flow and cavitation
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems 2019-10-31
2019 Houman B. Rokni, Joshua D. Moore, Ashutosh Gupta, Mark A. McHugh, Manolis Gavaises
Entropy scaling based viscosity predictions for hydrocarbon mixtures and diesel fuels up to extreme conditions
published pages: 1203-1213, ISSN: 0016-2361, DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2018.12.043
Fuel 241 2019-10-31

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