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TEMPDEP SIGNED

Ecological and evolutionary constraints on the temperature dependence of the carbon cycle

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "TEMPDEP" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE UNIVERSITY OF EXETER 

Organization address
address: THE QUEEN'S DRIVE NORTHCOTE HOUSE
city: EXETER
postcode: EX4 4QJ
website: www.ex.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 1˙499˙997 €
 EC max contribution 1˙499˙997 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-05-01   to  2021-04-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE UNIVERSITY OF EXETER UK (EXETER) coordinator 1˙499˙997.00

Map

 Project objective

The cycling of carbon between the biosphere and the atmosphere is mediated by its transformation and flux through ecosystems. Atmospheric CO2 is fixed by photosynthesis, exchanged between organisms via their interactions, and re-emitted to the atmosphere through the by-products of their metabolism (CO2). These metabolic processes are inherently temperature dependent, and consequently there is potential for elevated rates of respiration (CO2 production) in a warmer world to further accelerate global warming. However, large uncertainties about the magnitude of any response exist, owing to limited understanding of the mechanisms underpinning the temperature dependence of ecosystem metabolism. I approach this problem from a new perspective, by proposing that interactions between evolutionary processes, which influence the frequency and variance of metabolic traits within populations, and ecological interactions between populations, which shape the structure and dynamics of communities, constrain the overall temperature dependence of metabolic fluxes at the ecosystem-level. I will ask: How do differences in thermal responses and the nature of ecological interactions between species influence the temperature response of an ecosystem? What is the rate and magnitude of thermal adaptation? Does coevolution in a community affect thermal adaptation? How do differences in thermal responses and turnover in species composition affect the temperature dependence of ecosystems? I will answer these questions with an array of experiments that recombine microbes isolated from a long-term freshwater warming experiment (4°C for 10 years) in communities in the laboratory. This project will break new ground in understanding how patterns and processes at the ecosystem-level emerge from the dynamics of populations and communities over ecological and evolutionary timescales. At the same time, it will contribute substantially to understanding carbon cycle responses to global warming.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Francisca C. García, Elvire Bestion, Ruth Warfield, Gabriel Yvon-Durocher
Changes in temperature alter the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning
published pages: 10989-10994, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1805518115
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115/43 2019-10-29
2017 Daniel Padfield, Chris Lowe, Angus Buckling, Richard Ffrench-Constant, Simon Jennings, Felicity Shelley, Jón S. Ólafsson, Gabriel Yvon-Durocher
Metabolic compensation constrains the temperature dependence of gross primary production
published pages: 1250-1260, ISSN: 1461-023X, DOI: 10.1111/ele.12820
Ecology Letters 20/10 2019-05-25

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