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NICH SIGNED

Novel interactions and species’ responses to climate change

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "NICH" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH 

Organization address
address: Raemistrasse 101
city: ZUERICH
postcode: 8092
website: https://www.ethz.ch/de.html

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Switzerland [CH]
 Project website https://alexanderecology.weebly.com/novel-interactions.html
 Total cost 1˙499˙534 €
 EC max contribution 1˙499˙534 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-07-01   to  2021-06-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH CH (ZUERICH) coordinator 787˙925.00
2    UNIVERSITE DE LAUSANNE CH (LAUSANNE) participant 711˙608.00

Map

 Project objective

A great ecological challenges is predicting the responses of species, communities and ecosystems to global climate change. Progress will hinge on our ability to predict how responses are shaped by evolution and species interactions, and especially by entirely novel interactions among species whose ranges don't yet overlap. To tackle this goal, I will combine cutting-edge experiments and process-based modeling to address three questions about the impact of novel competitors on responses to climate change in alpine plant communities:

(1) How will novel interactions impact species responses to climate change? I will test the ecological consequences of novel competitors for population persistence, and the potential for longer-term evolutionary responses, using a whole community transplant experiment that simulates future competitive scenarios faced by focal alpine plants.

(2) Do species traits predict the outcome of novel interactions? A mechanistic understanding of competitive effects is essential to predict impacts of novel interactions. I will test how climate affects the outcome of competition among pairs of species planted along an elevation climate gradient, and whether these effects can be predicted using species’ functional traits.

(3) What are the implications of novel competitive interactions for species’ ranges dynamics under climate change? I will use process-based species distribution models, parameterized with experimental demographic data, to explore the consequences of changing competitive interactions for range dynamics under climate change.

This project will advance our understanding of species’ responses to climate change, and provide tools to apply to a diversity of other systems. It also tackles fundamental questions in ecology, shedding light on the mechanisms shaping species distributions. By linking experimental community ecology and biogeography, it will push the limits of our ability to predict the dynamics of complex ecological systems.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Aline Cardinaux
Do Soil Communities Influence The Outcome Of Novel Interactions Between Alpine And Lowland Plant Competitors
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2019-06-19
2018 Jake M. Alexander, Loïc Chalmandrier, Jonathan Lenoir, Treena I. Burgess, Franz Essl, Sylvia Haider, Christoph Kueffer, Keith McDougall, Ann Milbau, Martin A. Nuñez, Aníbal Pauchard, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Lisa J. Rew, Nathan J. Sanders, Loïc Pellissier
Lags in the response of mountain plant communities to climate change
published pages: 563-579, ISSN: 1354-1013, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13976
Global Change Biology 24/2 2019-06-19
2017 Kai-Hsiu Chen, Julie Guenat
Direct and Indirect Effects of Climate Change on the Reproductive Success of four Alpine Plants
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2019-06-19
2016 Jake M. Alexander, Jeffrey M. Diez, Simon P. Hart, Jonathan M. Levine
When Climate Reshuffles Competitors: A Call for Experimental Macroecology
published pages: 831-841, ISSN: 0169-5347, DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2016.08.003
Trends in Ecology & Evolution 31/11 2019-06-19
2018 Simon Vogel
Soil biota effects on early success of low and high altitude Plantago species
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2019-04-30
2016 Cindy Ramel
Demographic consequences of shifting plant phenology
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2019-04-30
2019 Giorgia Ferretti
Plant-pollinator interactions under changing climate in the Swiss Alps
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2019-04-30
2018 Aline Cardinaux, Simon P. Hart, Jake M. Alexander
Do soil biota influence the outcome of novel interactions between plant competitors?
published pages: 1853-1863, ISSN: 0022-0477, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13029
Journal of Ecology 106/5 2019-04-30

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