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The origin of heavy elements: a nuclear physics and astrophysics challenge

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 EUROPIUM project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the EUROPIUM project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "EUROPIUM" about.

origin    ejecta    synthesis    favored    neutrino    mergers    forms    abundances    supernova    calculations    extreme    near    occurs    disk    merger    era    potentially    input    radioactive    gain    viscous    microphysics    masses    observations    scenarios    produced    lighter    stability    strontium    neutron    experiments    decays    electromagnetic    compact    with    oldest    turn    star    decay    insights    2013    kilonova    central    sites    physics    collapse    isotopes    interdisciplinary    perform    wind    ray    evolution    astrophysical    capture    erc    forefront    object    burst    beta    multidimensional    simulate    elements    triggers    stars    nuclei    questions    signal    where    rotation    combine    europium    nuclear    experimental    simulations    time    rapid    nucleosynthesis    universe    synthesized    closer    fission    captures    heavy    astrophysics    explore    starting    silver    supernovae    winds    uniquely    core    gamma    magnetic    facilities   

Project "EUROPIUM" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 64289

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Total cost 1˙446˙875 €
 EC max contribution 1˙446˙875 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-05-01   to  2021-04-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Where in the universe are heavy elements synthesized? How are these elements produced? These are two exciting and interdisciplinary questions in nuclear astrophysics today and will be investigated in my ERC project EUROPIUM. The favored astrophysical sites are neutrino-driven winds following core-collapse supernovae and neutron star mergers, where extreme conditions enable the rapid neutron capture process (r-process). We will perform long-time multidimensional simulations of these two scenarios and combine them with nucleosynthesis calculations. In neutron star mergers, the radioactive decay of neutron-rich nuclei triggers an electromagnetic signal known as kilonova. This was potentially observed in 2013 after a short gamma ray burst, associated with a neutron star merger. We will simulate the neutrino- and viscous-driven ejecta from the disk that forms after the merger around the central compact object. In addition, we will investigate supernova neutrino-driven winds that produce lighter heavy elements from strontium to silver. We will explore the impact of rotation, improved microphysics, and magnetic fields on the wind evolution and nucleosynthesis. Because the synthesis of lighter heavy elements elements occurs closer to stability, the nuclear physics uncertainties will be reduced by experiments in the near future. This will uniquely allow us to combine observations and nucleosynthesis calculations to constrain the astrophysical conditions and gain new insights into core-collapse supernovae. In nuclear physics, a new era for extreme neutron-rich isotopes is starting with new experimental facilities. Based on our simulations, we will study the impact of the nuclear physics input (nuclear masses, beta decays, neutron captures, and fission) going beyond the state-of-the-art by providing r-process abundances with uncertainties. Comparing our results with forefront observations of the oldest stars will in turn provide new insights about the origin of heavy elements.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 A Perego, H Yasin, A Arcones
Neutrino pair annihilation above merger remnants: implications of a long-lived massive neutron star
published pages: 84007, ISSN: 0954-3899, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6471/aa7bdc
Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics 44/8 2019-08-06
2019 Andreas Koch, Moritz Reichert, Camilla Juul Hansen, Melanie Hampel, Richard J. Stancliffe, Amanda Karakas, Almudena Arcones
Unusual neutron-capture nucleosynthesis in a carbon-rich Galactic bulge star
published pages: A159, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834241
Astronomy & Astrophysics 622 2019-08-06
2019 Benoit Côté, Marius Eichler, Almudena Arcones, Camilla J. Hansen, Paolo Simonetti, Anna Frebel, Chris L. Fryer, Marco Pignatari, Moritz Reichert, Krzysztof Belczynski, Francesca Matteucci
Neutron Star Mergers Might Not Be the Only Source of r -process Elements in the Milky Way
published pages: 106, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab10db
The Astrophysical Journal 875/2 2019-08-06
2018 D Martin, A Perego, W Kastaun, A Arcones
The role of weak interactions in dynamic ejecta from binary neutron star mergers
published pages: 34001, ISSN: 0264-9381, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/aa9f5a
Classical and Quantum Gravity 35/3 2019-08-06
2017 Takami Kuroda, Kei Kotake, Kazuhiro Hayama, Tomoya Takiwaki
Correlated Signatures of Gravitational-wave and Neutrino Emission in Three-dimensional General-relativistic Core-collapse Supernova Simulations
published pages: 62, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa988d
The Astrophysical Journal 851/1 2019-08-06
2018 J. Bliss, A. Arcones, Y.-Z. Qian
Production of Mo and Ru Isotopes in Neutrino-driven Winds: Implications for Solar Abundances and Presolar Grains
published pages: 105, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aade8d
The Astrophysical Journal 866/2 2019-08-06
2017 Luke Bovard, Dirk Martin, Federico Guercilena, Almudena Arcones, Luciano Rezzolla, Oleg Korobkin
r -process nucleosynthesis from matter ejected in binary neutron star mergers
published pages: , ISSN: 2470-0010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.96.124005
Physical Review D 96/12 2019-08-06
2018 Hajime Kawahara, Takami Kuroda, Tomoya Takiwaki, Kazuhiro Hayama, Kei Kotake
A Linear and Quadratic Time–Frequency Analysis of Gravitational Waves from Core-collapse Supernovae
published pages: 126, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aae57b
The Astrophysical Journal 867/2 2019-08-06
2018 Takami Kuroda, Kei Kotake, Tomoya Takiwaki, Friedrich-Karl Thielemann
A full general relativistic neutrino radiation-hydrodynamics simulation of a collapsing very massive star and the formation of a black hole
published pages: L80-L84, ISSN: 1745-3933, DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/sly059
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters 477/1 2019-08-06
2019 Kuo-Chuan Pan, Carlos Mattes, Evan P O’Connor, Sean M Couch, Albino Perego, Almudena Arcones
The impact of different neutrino transport methods on multidimensional core-collapse supernova simulations
published pages: 14001, ISSN: 0954-3899, DOI: 10.1088/1361-6471/aaed51
Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics 46/1 2019-08-06
2018 J. Bliss, M. Witt, A. Arcones, F. Montes, J. Pereira
Survey of Astrophysical Conditions in Neutrino-driven Supernova Ejecta Nucleosynthesis
published pages: 135, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aaadbe
The Astrophysical Journal 855/2 2019-08-06
2018 Rubén M. Cabezón, Kuo-Chuan Pan, Matthias Liebendörfer, Takami Kuroda, Kevin Ebinger, Oliver Heinimann, Albino Perego, Friedrich-Karl Thielemann
Core-collapse supernovae in the hall of mirrors
published pages: A118, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201833705
Astronomy & Astrophysics 619 2019-08-06

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