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Semi-Artificial Photosynthesis with Wired Enzymes

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 MatEnSAP project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the MatEnSAP project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "MatEnSAP" about.

photosynthesis    spectroscopy    life    energy    nature    re    inefficient    dioxide    urgent    enzyme    explore    mechanistic    strengths    shed    resolved    artificial    combinations    aid    microscopy    harvesting    light    perform    superior    either    semi    bottlenecks    electrochemical    artificially    biological    photosynthetic    arrive    time    reactions    proton    bond    wired    sustaining    alone    endergonic    electrodes    nitrogen    chemical    otherwise    fuels    platform    evolution    conventional    renewable    billions    material    cell    harnessing    rational    fixation    science    water    materials    drive    wire    fuel    despite    performing    enzymes    solar    fundamental    interaction    carbon    techniques    efficient    mechanism    conversion    coupling    gain    insights    cells    strategies    oxidation    inaccessible    scanning    natural    probe    activation    reaction    coupled    adapt    photoelectrochemical    emergent    weaknesses    integration    photochemistry    conversions    absorbers    uses    integrate    analytical   

Project "MatEnSAP" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: CB2 1TN

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙960˙289 €
 EC max contribution 1˙960˙289 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-10-01   to  2021-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Nature has been harnessing solar energy to drive endergonic life-sustaining reactions such as photosynthesis for billions of years. However, the overall biological processes are inefficient despite the evolution of efficient enzymes for carrying out specific reactions. Currently, there is an urgent need to develop superior strategies for the large scale conversion of solar energy into a renewable chemical fuel through artificial photosynthesis, which uses the same fundamental science as natural photosynthesis. Here we integrate the strengths of both natural and artificial photosynthesis to explore novel pathways for efficient solar-to-chemical conversion, which are otherwise inaccessible to either field alone.

In aim 1, we develop advanced materials and strategies for the rational integration of photosynthetic enzymes into photoelectrochemical cells. A platform will be established in which enzymes can be artificially coupled to light absorbers, and also be wired together to perform novel chemical reactions.

In aim 2, we adapt advanced analytical techniques, including scanning electrochemical microscopy and time-resolved spectroscopy, to gain mechanistic insights into the nature, extent, and mechanism of the enzyme-material interaction. This will aid rational cell design and shed light into reaction bottlenecks.

In aim 3, we wire the enzyme-electrodes together in rational combinations to arrive at novel and efficient pathways for performing solar-to-fuel conversions. We will demonstrate the efficient coupling of solar energy harvesting with water oxidation and proton/carbon dioxide reduction.

This integrated approach will lead the emergent field of semi-artificial photosynthesis beyond conventional solar fuels research. It will probe into the strengths and weaknesses of biological processes, and be used to explore how other processes (e.g. nitrogen fixation, C–H bond activation) can be more efficiently re-wired or be coupled to photochemistry.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Virgil Andrei, Bertrand Reuillard, Erwin Reisner
Bias-free solar syngas production by integrating a molecular cobalt catalyst with perovskite–BiVO4 tandems
published pages: , ISSN: 1476-1122, DOI: 10.1038/s41563-019-0501-6
Nature Materials 2020-01-15
2019 Leon P. Jenner, Julia M. Kurth, Sebastian van Helmont, Katarzyna P. Sokol, Erwin Reisner, Christiane Dahl, Justin M Bradley, Julea N. Butt, Myles R. Cheesman
Heme ligation and redox chemistry in two bacterial thiosulfate dehydrogenase (TsdA) enzymes
published pages: jbc.RA119.010084, ISSN: 0021-9258, DOI: 10.1074/jbc.ra119.010084
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2020-01-15
2019 Kaltum Abdiaziz, Enrico Salvadori, Katarzyna P. Sokol, Erwin Reisner, Maxie M. Roessler
Protein film electrochemical EPR spectroscopy as a technique to investigate redox reactions in biomolecules
published pages: 8840-8843, ISSN: 1359-7345, DOI: 10.1039/c9cc03212f
Chemical Communications 55/60 2020-01-15
2018 Katarzyna P. Sokol, William E. Robinson, Julien Warnan, Nikolay Kornienko, Marc M. Nowaczyk, Adrian Ruff, Jenny Z. Zhang, Erwin Reisner
Bias-free photoelectrochemical water splitting with photosystem II on a dye-sensitized photoanode wired to hydrogenase
published pages: 944-951, ISSN: 2058-7546, DOI: 10.1038/s41560-018-0232-y
Nature Energy 3/11 2020-01-15
2018 Nikolay Kornienko, Jenny Z. Zhang, Katarzyna P. Sokol, Sarah Lamaison, Andrea Fantuzzi, Rienk van Grondelle, A. William Rutherford, Erwin Reisner
Oxygenic Photoreactivity in Photosystem II Studied by Rotating Ring Disk Electrochemistry
published pages: 17923-17931, ISSN: 0002-7863, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b08784
Journal of the American Chemical Society 140/51 2020-01-15
2018 Nikolay Kornienko, Jenny Z. Zhang, Kelsey K. Sakimoto, Peidong Yang, Erwin Reisner
Interfacing nature’s catalytic machinery with synthetic materials for semi-artificial photosynthesis
published pages: 890-899, ISSN: 1748-3387, DOI: 10.1038/s41565-018-0251-7
Nature Nanotechnology 13/10 2020-01-15
2018 Kristian E. Dalle, Julien Warnan, Jane J. Leung, Bertrand Reuillard, Isabell S. Karmel, Erwin Reisner
Electro- and Solar-Driven Fuel Synthesis with First Row Transition Metal Complexes
published pages: 2752-2875, ISSN: 0009-2665, DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00392
Chemical Reviews 119/4 2020-01-15
2018 Nikolay Kornienko, Nina Heidary, Giannantonio Cibin, Erwin Reisner
Catalysis by design: development of a bifunctional water splitting catalyst through an operando measurement directed optimization cycle
published pages: 5322-5333, ISSN: 2041-6520, DOI: 10.1039/c8sc01415a
Chemical Science 9/24 2020-01-15
2019 Xin Fang, Katarzyna P. Sokol, Nina Heidary, Tarek A. Kandiel, Jenny Z. Zhang, Erwin Reisner
Structure–Activity Relationships of Hierarchical Three-Dimensional Electrodes with Photosystem II for Semiartificial Photosynthesis
published pages: 1844-1850, ISSN: 1530-6984, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b04935
Nano Letters 19/3 2020-01-15
2019 Nikolay Kornienko, Khoa H. Ly, William E. Robinson, Nina Heidary, Jenny Z. Zhang, Erwin Reisner
Advancing Techniques for Investigating the Enzyme–Electrode Interface
published pages: , ISSN: 0001-4842, DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.9b00087
Accounts of Chemical Research 2020-01-15
2019 Melanie Miller, William E. Robinson, Ana Rita Oliveira, Nina Heidary, Nikolay Kornienko, Julien Warnan, Inês A. C. Pereira, Erwin Reisner
Interfacing Formate Dehydrogenase with Metal Oxides for the Reversible Electrocatalysis and Solar-Driven Reduction of Carbon Dioxide
published pages: 4601-4605, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201814419
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 58/14 2020-01-15
2018 Dong Heon Nam, Jenny Z. Zhang, Virgil Andrei, Nikolay Kornienko, Nina Heidary, Andreas Wagner, Kenichi Nakanishi, Katarzyna P. Sokol, Barnaby Slater, Ingo Zebger, Stephan Hofmann, Juan C. Fontecilla-Camps, Chan Beum Park, Erwin Reisner
Solar Water Splitting with a Hydrogenase Integrated in Photoelectrochemical Tandem Cells
published pages: 10595-10599, ISSN: 1433-7851, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201805027
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 57/33 2020-01-15
2018 Katarzyna P. Sokol, William E. Robinson, Ana R. Oliveira, Julien Warnan, Marc M. Nowaczyk, Adrian Ruff, Inês A. C. Pereira, Erwin Reisner
Photoreduction of CO 2 with a Formate Dehydrogenase Driven by Photosystem II Using a Semi-artificial Z-Scheme Architecture
published pages: 16418-16422, ISSN: 0002-7863, DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b10247
Journal of the American Chemical Society 140/48 2020-01-15
2019 Jane J. Leung, Julien Warnan, Khoa H. Ly, Nina Heidary, Dong Heon Nam, Moritz F. Kuehnel, Erwin Reisner
Solar-driven reduction of aqueous CO2 with a cobalt bis(terpyridine)-based photocathode
published pages: 354-365, ISSN: 2520-1158, DOI: 10.1038/s41929-019-0254-2
Nature Catalysis 2/4 2020-01-15

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