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Decoding planetary compositions using observations and modelling of planet-forming disks

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "DISCO" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: CB2 1TN

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2016
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-07-03   to  2019-07-02


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Our sun is host to eight planets, and recent discoveries have revealed that there is at least one planet per star in the Galaxy. Moreover, small, rocky planets like the Earth outnumber the Jupiter-like gas giants. The bulk elemental composition of most planets is not yet known, but evidence from the solar system and some extrasolar (proto-)planetary systems suggests there are considerable variations in the abundance of elements such as carbon, chlorine, iron and others. Some of these variations are seen in the rocky planets, others apply to atmospheres of giant planets. Understanding this diversity is important, as the Earth's elemental budget is key to various aspects of its habitability. Therefore, we must understand the origin of planetary compositions if we are to scientifically estimate the number of habitable worlds. In the DISCO project, I will study the elemental abundances in the inner and outer regions of planet-forming disks around young stars and will build models to capture the main processes that affect the gas-ice-refractory balance of specific elements. These analytical models will be implemented in a chemically-based planet population synthesis calculation which can be compared with known planetary compositions and will allow to predict the distribution of elemental compositions of exoplanets.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 A. Banzatti, A. Garufi, M. Kama, M. Benisty, S. Brittain, K. M. Pontoppidan, J. Rayner
Observing the linked depletion of dust and CO gas at 0.1–10 au in disks of intermediate-mass stars
published pages: L2, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201732034
Astronomy & Astrophysics 609 2020-04-09
2019 Quentin Kral, Sebastian Marino, Mark C Wyatt, Mihkel Kama, Luca Matrá
Imaging [CI] around HD 131835: reinterpreting young debris discs with protoplanetary disc levels of CO gas as shielded secondary discs
published pages: , ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2923
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 2020-04-09
2018 C. J. Clarke, M. Tazzari, A. Juhasz, G. Rosotti, R. Booth, S. Facchini, J. D. Ilee, C. M. Johns-Krull, M. Kama, F. Meru, L. Prato
High-resolution Millimeter Imaging of the CI Tau Protoplanetary Disk: A Massive Ensemble of Protoplanets from 0.1 to 100 au
published pages: L6, ISSN: 2041-8213, DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aae36b
The Astrophysical Journal 866/1 2020-04-09
2017 C. Favre, A. López-Sepulcre, C. Ceccarelli, C. Dominik, P. Caselli, E. Caux, A. Fuente, M. Kama, J. Le Bourlot, B. Lefloch, D. Lis, T. Montmerle, M. Padovani, C. Vastel
The onset of energetic particle irradiation in Class 0 protostars
published pages: A82, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201630177
Astronomy & Astrophysics 608 2020-04-09
2019 Sean Brittain (Clemson University), Alycia Weinberger (Carnegie Inst of Washington), Michael Liu (University of Hawaii), Jacqueline Faherty (American Mus of Nat History), Jaehan Bae (Carnegie Inst of Washington), Sean Andrews (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics), Megan Ansdell (UC Berkeley), Til Birnstiel (LMU Munich), Alan Boss (Carnegie Inst of Washington), Laird Close (University of Ar
Protoplanetary Disk Science Enabled by Extremely Large Telescopes
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 2020-04-09
2019 Alan Boss (Carnegie Institution), Timothy Brandt (UC Santa Barbara), Zack Briesemeister (UC Santa Cruz), Marta Bryan (UC Berkeley), Laird Close (U. Arizona), Justin Crepp (University of Notre Dame), Thayne Currie (NASA Ames Research Center), Jonathan Fortney (UC Santa Cruz), Julien Girard (STScI), Rebecca Jensen-Clem (UC Berkeley), Mihkel Kama (University of Cambridge), Adam Kraus (UT Ausitn), Qui
The Demographics and Atmospheres of Giant Planets with the ELTs
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 2020-04-09
2018 N. F. W. Ligterink, M. Kama
Interstellar bromine abundance is consistent with cometary ices from Rosetta
published pages: A112, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201732325
Astronomy & Astrophysics 614 2020-04-09
2019 Kama, Mihkel; Jermyn, Adam S
\"Multinest analysis statistics for the paper \"\"Abundant refractory sulfur in protoplanetary disks\"\"\"
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3445366
Astrophysical Journal 1 2020-04-09
2019 Mihkel Kama, Oliver Shorttle, Adam S. Jermyn, Colin P. Folsom, Kenji Furuya, Edwin A. Bergin, Catherine Walsh, Lindsay Keller
Abundant Refractory Sulfur in Protoplanetary Disks
published pages: 114, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab45f8
The Astrophysical Journal 885/2 2020-04-09
2017 L. Trapman, A. Miotello, M. Kama, E. F. van Dishoeck, S. Bruderer
Far-infrared HD emission as a measure of protoplanetary disk mass
published pages: A69, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201630308
Astronomy & Astrophysics 605 2020-04-09
2018 C. Favre, C. Ceccarelli, A. López-Sepulcre, F. Fontani, R. Neri, S. Manigand, M. Kama, P. Caselli, A. Jaber Al-Edhari, C. Kahane, F. Alves, N. Balucani, E. Bianchi, E. Caux, C. Codella, F. Dulieu, J. E. Pineda, I. R. Sims, P. Theulé
SOLIS IV. Hydrocarbons in the OMC-2 FIR4 Region, a Probe of Energetic Particle Irradiation of the Region
published pages: 136, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aabfd4
The Astrophysical Journal 859/2 2020-04-09
2017 A. Patruno, M. Kama
Neutron star planets: Atmospheric processes and irradiation
published pages: A147, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731102
Astronomy & Astrophysics 608 2020-04-09
2018 Adam S Jermyn, Mihkel Kama
Stellar photospheric abundances as a probe of discs and planets
published pages: 4418-4434, ISSN: 0035-8711, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty429
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 476/4 2020-04-09
2019 Monnier, John; Rau, Gioia; Bermudez, Joel Sanchez; Ragland, Sam; Akeson, Rachel; Duchene, Gaspard; van Belle, Gerard; Norris, Ryan; Gordon, Kathryn; Defrère, Denis; Kluska, Jacques; Ridgway, Stephen; Le Bouquin, Jean-Baptiste; Anugu, Narsireddy; Scott, Nicholas; Kane, Stephen; Richardson, Noel D.; Regaly, Zsolt; Zhu, Zhaohuan; Vasisht, Gautam Stassun, Keivan G.; Andrews, Sean; Lacour, Sylvestre;
Imaging the Key Stages of Planet Formation
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 2020-04-09
2019 Tobin, John J.; Megeath, S. Thomas; van \'t Hoff, Merel; Diaz-Rodriguez, Ana Karla; Reynolds, Nickalas; Osorio, Mayra; Anglada, Guillem; Furlan, Elise; Karnath, Nicole; Offner, Stella S. R.; Sheehan, Patrick; Sadavoy, Sarah I.; Stutz, Amelia M.; Fischer, William J.; Kama, Mihkel; Persson, Magnus; Di Francesco, James; Looney, Leslie W.; Watson, Dan M.; Li, Zhi-Yun Stephens, Ian; Chandler, Claire J.;
The VLA/ALMA Nascent Disk and Multiplicity (VANDAM) Survey of Orion Protostars I. Identifying and Characterizing the Protostellar Content of the OMC2-FIR4 and OMC2-FIR3 Regions
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Astrophysical Journal 2020-04-09
2018 Alice S. Booth, Catherine Walsh, Mihkel Kama, Ryan A. Loomis, Luke T. Maud, Attila Juhász
Sulphur monoxide exposes a potential molecular disk wind from the planet-hosting disk around HD 100546
published pages: A16, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731347
Astronomy & Astrophysics 611 2020-04-09
2018 Claudine Kahane, Ali Jaber Al-Edhari, Cecilia Ceccarelli, Ana López-Sepulcre, Francesco Fontani, Mihkel Kama
First Measurement of the 14 N/ 15 N Ratio in the Analog of the Sun Progenitor OMC-2 FIR4
published pages: 130, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa9e88
The Astrophysical Journal 852/2 2020-04-09
2017 A. Garufi, G. Meeus, M. Benisty, S. P. Quanz, A. Banzatti, M. Kama, H. Canovas, C. Eiroa, H. M. Schmid, T. Stolker, A. Pohl, E. Rigliaco, F. Ménard, M. R. Meyer, R. van Boekel, C. Dominik
Evolution of protoplanetary disks from their taxonomy in scattered light: Group I vs. Group II
published pages: A21, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201630320
Astronomy & Astrophysics 603 2020-04-09

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