Explore the words cloud of the AGRISCENTS project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "AGRISCENTS" about.
The following table provides information about the project.
UNIVERSITE DE NEUCHATEL
|Coordinator Country||Switzerland [CH]|
|Total cost||2˙498˙086 €|
|EC max contribution||2˙498˙086 € (100%)|
1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
|Duration (year-month-day)||from 2018-09-01 to 2023-08-31|
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|1||UNIVERSITE DE NEUCHATEL||CH (NEUCHATEL)||coordinator||2˙498˙086.00|
Plants typically release large quantities of volatiles in response to attack by herbivores or pathogens. I may claim to have contributed to various breakthroughs in this research field, including the discovery that the volatile blends induced by different attackers are astonishingly specific, resulting in characteristic, readily distinguishable odour blends. Using maize as our model plant, I wish to take several leaps forward in our understanding of this signal specificity and use this knowledge to develop sensors for the real-time detection of crop pests and diseases. For this, three interconnected work-packages will aim to:
• Develop chemical analytical techniques and statistical models to decipher the odorous vocabulary of plants, and to create a complete inventory of “odour-prints” for a wide range of herbivore-plant and pathogen-plant combinations, including simultaneous infestations. • Develop and optimize nano-mechanical sensors for the detection of specific plant volatile mixtures. For this, we will initially adapt a prototype sensor that has been successfully developed for the detection of cancer-related volatiles in human breath. • Genetically manipulate maize plants to release a unique blend of root-produced volatiles upon herbivory. For this, we will engineer gene cassettes that combine recently identified P450 (CYP) genes from poplar with inducible, root-specific promoters from maize. This will result in maize plants that, in response to pest attack, release easy-to-detect aldoximes and nitriles from their roots.
In short, by investigating and manipulating the specificity of inducible odour blends we will generate the necessary knowhow to develop a novel odour-detection device. The envisioned sensor technology will permit real-time monitoring of the pests and enable farmers to apply crop protection treatments at the right time and in the right place.
|year||authors and title||journal||last update|
Peng-Jun Zhang, Jia-Ning Wei, Chan Zhao, Ya-Fen Zhang, Chuan-You Li, Shu-Sheng Liu, Marcel Dicke, Xiao-Ping Yu, Ted C. J. Turlings
Airborne hostâ€“plant manipulation by whiteflies via an inducible blend of plant volatiles
published pages: 7387-7396, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1818599116
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116/15||2020-01-30|
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