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organisation of CLoUdS, and implications for Tropical cyclones and for the Energetics of the tropics, in current and in a waRming climate

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 CLUSTER project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CLUSTER project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CLUSTER" about.

surrounded    convective    types    drying    numerical    aggregation    theory    governing    computer    fundamental    despite    feedbacks    extreme    combined    science    frameworks    convection    organisation    tropical    until    weather    climate    cloud    cloudy    decade    nature    societal    time    space    clouds    lack    air    climatic    preventing    parameterisations    situ    eyewalls    geophysical    ideal    overturning    few    dramatic    sharp    progress    observational    models    tropics    grand    phenomena    sensitivity    energetics    circulation    critical    eye    resolving    satellite    fact    global    refers    atmosphere    missing    guide    power    simulations    outgoing    poorly    synergy    discoveries    barriers    represented    precipitation    ingredient    spectacular    hence    ubiquitous    observations    closely    cluster    extremes    latter    coming    scales    wcrp    hindered    cyclones    resolution    longwave    radiation    estimates    world    emphasis    idealised   

Project "CLUSTER" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 1˙078˙021 €
 EC max contribution 1˙078˙021 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-06-01   to  2024-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Few geophysical phenomena are as spectacular as tropical cyclones, with their eye surrounded by sharp cloudy eyewalls. There are other types of spatially organised convection (convection refers to overturning of air within which clouds are embedded), in fact organised convection is ubiquitous in the tropics. But it is still poorly understood and poorly represented in convective parameterisations of global climate models, despite its strong societal and climatic impact. It is associated with extreme weather, and with dramatic changes of the large scales, including drying of the atmosphere and increased outgoing longwave radiation to space. The latter can have dramatic consequences on tropical energetics, and hence on global climate. Thus, convective organisation could be a key missing ingredient in current estimates of climate sensitivity from climate models.

CLUSTER will lead to improved fundamental understanding of convective organisation to help guide and improve convective parameterisations. It is closely related to the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) grand challenge: Clouds, circulation and climate sensitivity. Grand challenges identify areas of emphasis in the coming decade, targeting specific barriers preventing progress in critical areas of climate science.

Until recently, progress on this topic was hindered by high numerical cost and lack of fundamental understanding. Advances in computer power combined with new discoveries based on idealised frameworks, theory and observational findings, make this the ideal time to determine the fundamental processes governing convective organisation in nature. Using a synergy of theory, high-resolution cloud-resolving simulations, and in-situ and satellite observations, CLUSTER will specifically target two feedbacks recently identified as being essential to convective aggregation, and assess their impact on tropical cyclones, large-scale properties including precipitation extremes, and energetics of the tropics.

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The information about "CLUSTER" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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