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organisation of CLoUdS, and implications for Tropical cyclones and for the Energetics of the tropics, in current and in a waRming climate

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 CLUSTER project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CLUSTER project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CLUSTER" about.

drying    until    satellite    tropical    governing    discoveries    resolving    cloud    idealised    tropics    overturning    space    extreme    organisation    spectacular    world    convection    convective    parameterisations    types    combined    guide    global    extremes    atmosphere    air    cyclones    models    barriers    precipitation    ubiquitous    few    clouds    situ    progress    scales    wcrp    power    fundamental    energetics    hence    theory    synergy    latter    phenomena    numerical    missing    fact    observational    radiation    observations    circulation    poorly    eye    estimates    grand    longwave    represented    sensitivity    climate    cluster    weather    sharp    preventing    lack    hindered    surrounded    time    feedbacks    closely    eyewalls    critical    emphasis    dramatic    coming    ideal    geophysical    frameworks    decade    refers    aggregation    computer    science    simulations    ingredient    climatic    nature    despite    outgoing    cloudy    resolution    societal   

Project "CLUSTER" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Total cost 1˙078˙021 €
 EC max contribution 1˙078˙021 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-06-01   to  2024-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Few geophysical phenomena are as spectacular as tropical cyclones, with their eye surrounded by sharp cloudy eyewalls. There are other types of spatially organised convection (convection refers to overturning of air within which clouds are embedded), in fact organised convection is ubiquitous in the tropics. But it is still poorly understood and poorly represented in convective parameterisations of global climate models, despite its strong societal and climatic impact. It is associated with extreme weather, and with dramatic changes of the large scales, including drying of the atmosphere and increased outgoing longwave radiation to space. The latter can have dramatic consequences on tropical energetics, and hence on global climate. Thus, convective organisation could be a key missing ingredient in current estimates of climate sensitivity from climate models.

CLUSTER will lead to improved fundamental understanding of convective organisation to help guide and improve convective parameterisations. It is closely related to the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) grand challenge: Clouds, circulation and climate sensitivity. Grand challenges identify areas of emphasis in the coming decade, targeting specific barriers preventing progress in critical areas of climate science.

Until recently, progress on this topic was hindered by high numerical cost and lack of fundamental understanding. Advances in computer power combined with new discoveries based on idealised frameworks, theory and observational findings, make this the ideal time to determine the fundamental processes governing convective organisation in nature. Using a synergy of theory, high-resolution cloud-resolving simulations, and in-situ and satellite observations, CLUSTER will specifically target two feedbacks recently identified as being essential to convective aggregation, and assess their impact on tropical cyclones, large-scale properties including precipitation extremes, and energetics of the tropics.

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The information about "CLUSTER" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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