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QuantumBirds SIGNED

Radical pair-based magnetic sensing in migratory birds

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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 QuantumBirds project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the QuantumBirds project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "QuantumBirds" about.

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Project "QuantumBirds" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD 

Organization address
address: WELLINGTON SQUARE UNIVERSITY OFFICES
city: OXFORD
postcode: OX1 2JD
website: www.ox.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 8˙561˙588 €
 EC max contribution 8˙561˙588 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2018-SyG
 Funding Scheme ERC-SyG
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-04-01   to  2025-03-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD UK (OXFORD) coordinator 4˙225˙563.00
2    CARL VON OSSIETZKY UNIVERSITAET OLDENBURG DE (OLDENBURG) participant 4˙336˙025.00

Map

 Project objective

The navigational and sensory abilities of night-migratory songbirds, travelling alone over thousands of kilometres, are absolutely staggering. The successful completion of these magnificent voyages depends crucially on the birds’ ability to sense the Earth’s magnetic field. Exactly how this magnetic sense works is one of the most significant open questions in biology and biophysics. The experimental evidence suggests something extraordinary. The birds’ magnetic compass sensor seems to rely on coherent quantum phenomena that indirectly allow magnetic interactions a million times smaller than kBT (Boltzmann’s constant multiplied by temperature) to be detected in biological tissue. QuantumBirds brings together quantum physics, spin chemistry, behavioural biology, biochemistry, and molecular biology in a unique, ambitious, imaginative and genuinely synergetic research programme that will prove whether the primary magnetic detection event occurring in the birds’ retinas involves the quantum spin dynamics of photochemically formed radical pairs in cryptochrome proteins.

We will address three specific questions:

1. Are avian cryptochromes capable of functioning as magnetic compass receptors? 2. Do retinal neurons encode light-dependent, cryptochrome-derived magnetic information? 3. Are cryptochromes the primary magnetoreceptor molecules for magnetic compass orientation?

Success in this endeavour will: (a) revolutionise our understanding of magnetoreception, the least understood of all biological senses; (b) firmly establish the emerging field of “Quantum Biology” and thereby reduce by six orders of magnitude the threshold for sensory detection of weak stimuli in biological systems; (c) prepare the ground for the development of a novel and powerful range of bio-inspired magnetic sensing devices; and (d) provide insights that could be applied in quantum computing and guide research into the potential effects of weak anthropogenic electromagnetic fields on human health.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 H. G. Hiscock, T. W. Hiscock, D. R. Kattnig, T. Scrivener, A. M. Lewis, D. E. Manolopoulos, P. J. Hore
Navigating at night: fundamental limits on the sensitivity of radical pair magnetoreception under dim light
published pages: , ISSN: 0033-5835, DOI: 10.1017/s0033583519000076
Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics 52 2020-03-11
2019 Thomas C. Player, P. J. Hore
Viability of superoxide-containing radical pairs as magnetoreceptors
published pages: 225101, ISSN: 0021-9606, DOI: 10.1063/1.5129608
The Journal of Chemical Physics 151/22 2020-03-11
2019 Brian D. Zoltowski, Yogarany Chelliah, Anushka Wickramaratne, Lauren Jarocha, Nischal Karki, Wei Xu, Henrik Mouritsen, Peter J. Hore, Ryan E. Hibbs, Carla B. Green, Joseph S. Takahashi
Chemical and structural analysis of a photoactive vertebrate cryptochrome from pigeon
published pages: 19449-19457, ISSN: 0027-8424, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1907875116
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116/39 2020-03-11
2020 Thomas P. Fay, Lachlan P. Lindoy, David E. Manolopoulos, P. J. Hore
How quantum is radical pair magnetoreception?
published pages: 77-91, ISSN: 1359-6640, DOI: 10.1039/c9fd00049f
Faraday Discussions 221 2020-03-11
2019 Dmitry Kobylkov, Joe Wynn, Michael Winklhofer, Raisa Chetverikova, Jingjing Xu, Hamish Hiscock, P. J. Hore, Henrik Mouritsen
Electromagnetic 0.1–100 kHz noise does not disrupt orientation in a night-migrating songbird implying a spin coherence lifetime of less than 10 µs
published pages: 20190716, ISSN: 1742-5689, DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2019.0716
Journal of The Royal Society Interface 16/161 2020-03-11

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