Opendata, web and dolomites


Volcano dome growth, collapse and coupled processes

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 VOLCAPSE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the VOLCAPSE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "VOLCAPSE" about.

small    summits    gravity    geometries    unloading    photogrammetric    hazards    modern    style    deformation    hazard    triggers    2010    satellite    position    volcanology    volcanoes    mexico    pyroclastic    cooling    time    physical    eruptive    geodetic    tectonic    events    again    destroyed    operate    form    extrusion    sophisticated    volcanic    data    coupled    displacement    colima    assessing    beneath    models    gt    statistical    intermittently    posing    quantified    lapse    destructive    arrays    building    camera    examples    loading    correlation    generation    construction    volcano    visual    collapse    eruptions    indonesia    simultaneous    recording    enlighten    dome    larger    intrusive    radar    interfere    displacements    summit    flows    stress    image    describes    magma    2013    good    grow    numerical    topographic    volcapse    limited    determined    stages    extrinsic    dramatic    worldwide    hazardous    lt    herein    quakes    yearlong    explosion    occurring    merapi    morphology    interrupted   

Project "VOLCAPSE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 14473

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website
 Total cost 1˙955˙355 €
 EC max contribution 1˙955˙355 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2020-08-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

The construction of volcanoes, i.e. the intrusive and eruptive growth, can be intermittently interrupted by destructive events. Dome building volcanoes, in specific, grow by magma extrusion and are partially destroyed again, posing a significant hazard in form of pyroclastic flows and other processes. The explosion at Merapi (Indonesia) in 2010, and at Colima volcano (Mexico) in 2013 are good examples of associated dramatic topographic changes. There is only limited understanding of the deformation style of the dome and the stress changes within and beneath, because sophisticated geodetic methods are hazardous to operate and are even destroyed during eruptions. In VolCapse, small scale displacements (<1 m/yr) at dome building volcanoes will be quantified by new generation satellite radar data. Larger scale displacements (>.1 m/yr) will be determined by time-lapse camera arrays that allow the visual recording of volcano summits from different viewing geometries, together with photogrammetric and image correlation approaches. This displacement data of the studied volcanoes shall allow to develop statistical and numerical models to investigate (i) how dome displacements affect the further magma extrusion position, (ii) how large morphology changes in the volcano summit affect dome growth by topographic loading or unloading, (iii) how dome growth is affected by extrinsic triggers such as tectonic quakes, and (iv) how simultaneous displacement processes such as cooling, extrusion and gravity driven deformation interfere. The P.I., with yearlong experience in modern geodetic methods, modelling and physical volcanology, herein describes the VolCapse project with the goal to enlighten our understanding of the coupled processes occurring during the different stages of volcano growth and collapse. Understanding such processes is essential for assessing volcanic hazards associated with dome building volcanoes worldwide.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Thomas R. Walter, Claire E. Harnett, Nick Varley, Dulce Vargas Bracamontes, Jacqueline Salzer, Edgar U. Zorn, Mauricio Bretón, Raúl Arámbula, Mark E. Thomas
Imaging the 2013 explosive crater excavation and new dome formation at Volcán de Colima with TerraSAR-X, time-lapse cameras and modelling
published pages: 224-237, ISSN: 0377-0273, DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2018.11.016
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 369 2020-03-13
2019 Ayleen Gaete, Simone Cesca, Luis Franco, Juan San Martin, Cristian Cartes, Thomas R Walter
Seismic activity during the 2013–2015 intereruptive phase at Lascar volcano, Chile
published pages: 449-463, ISSN: 0956-540X, DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggz297
Geophysical Journal International 219/1 2020-03-13
2019 Thomas R. Walter, Mahmud Haghshenas Haghighi, Felix M. Schneider, Diego Coppola, Mahdi Motagh, Joachim Saul, Andrey Babeyko, Torsten Dahm, Valentin R. Troll, Frederik Tilmann, Sebastian Heimann, Sébastien Valade, Rahmat Triyono, Rokhis Khomarudin, Nugraha Kartadinata, Marco Laiolo, Francesco Massimetti, Peter Gaebler
Complex hazard cascade culminating in the Anak Krakatau sector collapse
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-12284-5
Nature Communications 10/1 2020-03-13
2018 Herlan Darmawan, Thomas R. Walter, Kirbani Sri Brotopuspito, Subandriyo, I Gusti Made Agung Nandaka
Morphological and structural changes at the Merapi lava dome monitored in 2012–15 using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
published pages: 256-267, ISSN: 0377-0273, DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.11.006
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 349 2020-03-13
2019 Edgar U. Zorn, Nicolas Le Corvec, Nick R. Varley, Jacqueline T. Salzer, Thomas R. Walter, Carlos Navarro-Ochoa, Dulce M. Vargas-Bracamontes, Samuel T. Thiele, Raúl Arámbula Mendoza
Load Stress Controls on Directional Lava Dome Growth at Volcán de Colima, Mexico
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-6463, DOI: 10.3389/feart.2019.00084
Frontiers in Earth Science 7 2020-03-13
2018 Nicole Richter, Jacqueline Tema Salzer, Elske de Zeeuw-van Dalfsen, Daniele Perissin, Thomas R. Walter
Constraints on the geomorphological evolution of the nested summit craters of Láscar volcano from high spatio-temporal resolution TerraSAR-X interferometry
published pages: , ISSN: 0258-8900, DOI: 10.1007/s00445-018-1195-3
Bulletin of Volcanology 80/3 2020-03-13
2019 Astort, Walter, Ruiz, Sagripanti, Nacif, Acosta, Folguera
Unrest at Domuyo Volcano, Argentina, Detected by Geophysical and Geodetic Data and Morphometric Analysis
published pages: 2175, ISSN: 2072-4292, DOI: 10.3390/rs11182175
Remote Sensing 11/18 2020-03-13
2019 Simon Plank, Thomas R. Walter, Sandro Martinis, Simone Cesca
Growth and collapse of a littoral lava dome during the 2018/19 eruption of Kadovar Volcano, Papua New Guinea, analyzed by multi-sensor satellite imagery
published pages: 106704, ISSN: 0377-0273, DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2019.106704
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 388 2020-03-13
2019 Sébastien Valade, Andreas Ley, Francesco Massimetti, Olivier D’Hondt, Marco Laiolo, Diego Coppola, David Loibl, Olaf Hellwich, Thomas R. Walter
Towards Global Volcano Monitoring Using Multisensor Sentinel Missions and Artificial Intelligence: The MOUNTS Monitoring System
published pages: 1528, ISSN: 2072-4292, DOI: 10.3390/rs11131528
Remote Sensing 11/13 2020-03-13
2019 Michael J. Heap, Valentin R. Troll, Alexandra R. L. Kushnir, H. Albert Gilg, Amy S. D. Collinson, Frances M. Deegan, Herlan Darmawan, Nadhirah Seraphine, Juergen Neuberg, Thomas R. Walter
Hydrothermal alteration of andesitic lava domes can lead to explosive volcanic behaviour
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-13102-8
Nature Communications 10/1 2020-03-13
2019 Gaete, Ayleen; Walter, Thomas R.; Bredemeyer, Stefan; Zimmer, Martin; Kujawa, Christian; Franco, Luis; San Martin, Juan; Bucarey Parra, Claudia
Processes culminating in the 2015 phreatic explosion at Lascar volcano, Chile, monitored by multiparametric data
published pages: , ISSN: 1561-8633, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-2019-189
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 3 2020-03-13
2019 René Mania, Thomas R. Walter, Marina Belousova, Alexander Belousov, Sergey L. Senyukov
Deformations and Morphology Changes Associated with the 2016–2017 Eruption Sequence at Bezymianny Volcano, Kamchatka
published pages: 1278, ISSN: 2072-4292, DOI: 10.3390/rs11111278
Remote Sensing 11/11 2020-03-13
2017 Martin Zimmer, Thomas R. Walter, Christian Kujawa, Ayleen Gaete, Luis Franco-Marin
Thermal and gas dynamic investigations at Lastarria volcano, Northern Chile. The influence of precipitation and atmospheric pressure on the fumarole temperature and the gas velocity
published pages: 134-140, ISSN: 0377-0273, DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.03.013
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 346 2019-05-30
2016 Magnús T. Gudmundsson, Kristín Jónsdóttir, Andrew Hooper, Eoghan P. Holohan, Sæmundur A. Halldórsson, Benedikt G. Ófeigsson, Simone Cesca, Kristín S. Vogfjörd, Freysteinn Sigmundsson, Thórdís Högnadóttir, Páll Einarsson, Olgeir Sigmarsson, Alexander H. Jarosch, Kristján Jónasson, Eyjólfur Magnússon, Sigrún Hreinsdóttir, Marco Bagnardi, Michelle M. Parks, Vala Hjörleifsdóttir, Finnur Pálsson, Thomas R. Walter, Martin P. J. Schöpfer, Sebastian Heimann, Hannah I. Reynolds, Stéphanie Dumont, Eniko Bali, Gudmundur H. Gudfinnsson, Torsten Dahm, Matthew J. Roberts, Martin Hensch, Joaquín M. C. Belart, Karsten Spaans, Sigurdur Jakobsson, Gunnar B. Gudmundsson, Hildur M. Fridriksdóttir, Vincent Drouin, Tobias Dürig, Guðfinna Aðalgeirsdóttir, Morten S. Riishuus, Gro B. M. Pedersen, Tayo van Boeckel, Björn Oddsson, Melissa A. Pfeffer, Sara Barsotti, Baldur Bergsson, Amy Donovan, Mike R. Burton, Alessandro Aiuppa
Gradual caldera collapse at Bárdarbunga volcano, Iceland, regulated by lateral magma outflow
published pages: aaf8988, ISSN: 0036-8075, DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8988
Science 353/6296 2019-05-30
2017 Daniel Müller, Thomas R. Walter, Anne Schöpa, Tanja Witt, Bastian Steinke, Magnús T. Gudmundsson, Tobias Dürig
High-Resolution Digital Elevation Modeling from TLS and UAV Campaign Reveals Structural Complexity at the 2014/2015 Holuhraun Eruption Site, Iceland
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-6463, DOI: 10.3389/feart.2017.00059
Frontiers in Earth Science 5 2019-05-30
2016 Nicole Richter, Massimiliano Favalli, Elske de Zeeuw-van Dalfsen, Alessandro Fornaciai, Rui Manuel da Silva Fernandes, Nemesio M. Pérez, Judith Levy, Sónia Silva Victória, Thomas R. Walter
Lava flow hazard at Fogo Volcano, Cabo Verde, before and after the 2014–2015 eruption
published pages: 1925-1951, ISSN: 1684-9981, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-16-1925-2016
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 16/8 2019-05-30
2017 Francesco Maccaferri, Nicole Richter, Thomas R. Walter
The effect of giant lateral collapses on magma pathways and the location of volcanism
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-01256-2
Nature Communications 8/1 2019-05-30
2017 Eva P. S. Eibl, Christopher J. Bean, Ingibjörg Jónsdóttir, Armann Höskuldsson, Thorvaldur Thordarson, Diego Coppola, Tanja Witt, Thomas R. Walter
Multiple coincident eruptive seismic tremor sources during the 2014-2015 eruption at Holuhraun, Iceland
published pages: 2972-2987, ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1002/2016JB013892
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 122/4 2019-05-31
2017 Tanja Witt, Thomas R. Walter
Video monitoring reveals pulsating vents and propagation path of fissure eruption during the March 2011 Pu\'u \'Ō\'ō eruption, Kilauea volcano
published pages: 43-55, ISSN: 0377-0273, DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.11.012
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 330 2019-05-31
2017 Eoghan P. Holohan, Henriette Sudhaus, Thomas R. Walter, Martin P. J. Schöpfer, John J. Walsh
Effects of Host-rock Fracturing on Elastic-deformation Source Models of Volcano Deflation
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-10009-6
Scientific Reports 7/1 2019-05-31
2016 Jacqueline T. Salzer, Weston A. Thelen, Mike R. James, Thomas R. Walter, Seth Moran, Roger Denlinger
Volcano dome dynamics at Mount St. Helens: Deformation and intermittent subsidence monitored by seismicity and camera imagery pixel offsets
published pages: 7882-7902, ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1002/2016JB013045
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 121/11 2019-05-30
2015 M. Nikkhoo, T. R. Walter
Triangular dislocation: an analytical, artefact-free solution
published pages: 1119-1141, ISSN: 0956-540X, DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggv035
Geophysical Journal International 201/2 2019-05-30
2016 Mehdi Nikkhoo, Thomas R. Walter, Paul R. Lundgren, Pau Prats-Iraola
Compound dislocation models (CDMs) for volcano deformation analyses
published pages: 877-894, ISSN: 0956-540X, DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggw427
Geophysical Journal International 208/2 2019-05-30
2016 Atsuko Namiki, Eleonora Rivalta, Heiko Woith, Thomas R. Walter
Sloshing of a bubbly magma reservoir as a mechanism of triggered eruptions
published pages: 156-171, ISSN: 0377-0273, DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.03.010
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 320 2019-05-30
2018 Stefan Bredemeyer, Franz-Georg Ulmer, Thor Hansteen, Thomas Walter
Radar Path Delay Effects in Volcanic Gas Plumes: The Case of Láscar Volcano, Northern Chile
published pages: 1514, ISSN: 2072-4292, DOI: 10.3390/rs10101514
Remote Sensing 10/10 2019-04-18
2018 Thomas R. Walter, Jacqueline Salzer, Nick Varley, Carlos Navarro, Raul Arámbula-Mendoza, Dulce Vargas-Bracamontes
Localized and distributed erosion triggered by the 2015 Hurricane Patricia investigated by repeated drone surveys and time lapse cameras at Volcán de Colima, Mexico
published pages: 186-198, ISSN: 0169-555X, DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2018.07.020
Geomorphology 319 2019-04-18
2015 T.R. Walter, J. Subandriyo, S. Kirbani, H. Bathke, W. Suryanto, N. Aisyah, H. Darmawan, P. Jousset, B.-G. Luehr, T. Dahm
Volcano-tectonic control of Merapi\'s lava dome splitting: The November 2013 fracture observed from high resolution TerraSAR-X data
published pages: 23-33, ISSN: 0040-1951, DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.11.007
Tectonophysics 639 2019-05-31
2017 Jacqueline T. Salzer, Pietro Milillo, Nick Varley, Daniele Perissin, Michele Pantaleo, Thomas R. Walter
Evaluating links between deformation, topography and surface temperature at volcanic domes: Results from a multi-sensor study at Volcán de Colima, Mexico
published pages: 354-365, ISSN: 0012-821X, DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.09.027
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 479 2019-05-31

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