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DEMETER SIGNED

Training Network for the Design and Recycling of Rare-Earth Permanent Magnet Motors and Generators in Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "DEMETER" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN 

Organization address
address: OUDE MARKT 13
city: LEUVEN
postcode: 3000
website: www.kuleuven.be

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Belgium [BE]
 Project website http://etn-demeter.eu
 Total cost 3˙802˙512 €
 EC max contribution 3˙802˙512 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.1. (Fostering new skills by means of excellent initial training of researchers)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-ITN-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-ITN-ETN
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-09-01   to  2019-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN BE (LEUVEN) coordinator 1˙002˙240.00
2    INSTITUT JOZEF STEFAN SI (LJUBLJANA) participant 704˙992.00
3    THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM UK (BIRMINGHAM) participant 546˙575.00
4    VALEO EQUIPEMENTS ELECTRIQUES MOTEUR SAS FR (CRETEIL) participant 525˙751.00
5    MAGNETI LJUBLJANA PODJETJE ZA PROIZVODNJO MAGNETNIH MATERIALOV DD SI (LJUBLJANA) participant 469˙995.00
6    AALBORG UNIVERSITET DK (AALBORG) participant 290˙081.00
7    INSTITUT POLYTECHNIQUE DE GRENOBLE FR (GRENOBLE CEDEX 1) participant 262˙875.00
8    CENTRO RICERCHE FIAT SCPA IT (ORBASSANO) partner 0.00
9    ECOLE NATIONALE SUPERIEURE D'INGENIEURS DE CAEN FR (CAEN) partner 0.00
10    GRANTA DESIGN LTD UK (CAMBRIDGE) partner 0.00
11    LESS COMMON METALS LIMITED UK (ELLESMERE PORT) partner 0.00

Map

 Project objective

Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles ((H)EVs) are essential for the transition towards sustainable e-mobility. The permanent magnets in motors/generators of (H)EVs are either NdFeB or SmCo magnets, which contain large quantities of rare earths, which are critical metals with the highest supply risk for Europe. As highlighted by the European Rare Earths Competency Network, recycling of rare-earth magnets from (H)EVs should receive top priority. Reclaiming of rare-earth magnet motors/generators used in (H)EVs is a major challenge because the magnets are difficult to remove from the assemblies. The conventional hydrometallurgical routes for the recovery of rare earths from End-of-Life permanent magnets have a high environmental impact due to inefficient use of chemicals, whereas the conventional pyrometallurgical routes for the production of magnet master alloys are energy-inefficient. DEMETER, the European Training Network for the Design and Recycling of Rare-Earth Permanent Magnet Motors and Generators in Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles, concurrently develops (1) innovative, environmentally-friendly direct and indirect recycling strategies for the permanent magnets in the motors and generators of (H)EVs that are currently already on the market and (2) design-for-reuse solutions for motors and generators in the (H)EVs of the future. An intersectoral and interdisciplinary consortium of leading EU universities, research institutes and manufacturers from the automotive and magnet sector trains 15 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs). The research challenges include the development of hydrogen-based grain-refinement technologies to produce nanograin magnets directly from scrap magnets, the recovery of rare earths from SmCo and NdFeB magnets of motors/generators by ionometallurgical methods, and the design of motors/generators with reusable magnets, where the designs are based on 2D and 3D flux paths as well as non-traditional materials.

 Deliverables

List of deliverables.
First paper by ESR1-15 Documents, reports 2020-02-12 17:13:50
1 DEMETER Symposium Other 2020-02-12 17:13:44
Final report DEMETER project Documents, reports 2020-02-12 17:13:57
15 PhDs awarded Documents, reports 2020-02-12 17:13:51
Promo video 2 Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2020-02-12 17:13:55
Second paper by ESR1-15 Documents, reports 2020-02-12 17:13:48
Policy Brief 2 Documents, reports 2019-09-09 14:46:50
Website (external part) Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-09-09 14:46:52
Promo video 1 Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2019-09-09 14:46:52
Policy Brief 1 Documents, reports 2019-09-09 14:46:50
Policy Brief 4 Documents, reports 2019-09-09 14:46:51
Policy Brief 3 Documents, reports 2019-09-09 14:46:51
1 DEMETER Summer School Other 2019-09-09 14:46:50

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of DEMETER deliverables.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Ziwei Li, Afef Kedous-Lebouc, Jean-Marc Dubus, Lauric Garbuio, Sophie Personnaz
Direct reuse strategies of rare earth permanent magnets for PM electrical machines – an overview study
published pages: 20901, ISSN: 1286-0042, DOI: 10.1051/epjap/2019180289
The European Physical Journal Applied Physics 86/2 2019-10-31
2019 Robert S. Pell, Frances Wall, Xiaoyu Yan, Gwendolyn Bailey
Applying and advancing the economic resource scarcity potential (ESP) method for rare earth elements
published pages: 472-481, ISSN: 0301-4207, DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2018.10.003
Resources Policy 62 2019-10-29
2019 Xuan Xu, Saso Sturm, Zoran Samardzija, Janja Vidmar, Janez Scancar, Kristina Zuzek Rozman
Direct Recycling of Nd–Fe–B Magnets Based on the Recovery of Nd 2 Fe 14 B Grains by Acid‐free Electrochemical Etching
published pages: , ISSN: 1864-5631, DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201902342
ChemSusChem 2019-10-29
2019 Bojan Ambrožič, Anže Prašnikar, Nejc Hodnik, Nina Kostevšek, Blaž Likozar, Kristina Žužek Rožman, Sašo Šturm
Controlling the radical-induced redox chemistry inside a liquid-cell TEM
published pages: 8735-8743, ISSN: 2041-6520, DOI: 10.1039/c9sc02227a
Chemical Science 10/38 2019-10-29
2019 Nabeel A. Mancheri, Benjamin Sprecher, Gwendolyn Bailey, Jianping Ge, Arnold Tukker
Effect of Chinese policies on rare earth supply chain resilience
published pages: 101-112, ISSN: 0921-3449, DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2018.11.017
Resources, Conservation and Recycling 142 2019-10-29
2019 Simona Sobekova Foltova, Tom Vander Hoogerstraete, Dipanjan Banerjee, Koen Binnemans
Samarium/cobalt separation by solvent extraction with undiluted quaternary ammonium ionic liquids
published pages: 209-218, ISSN: 1383-5866, DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.07.069
Separation and Purification Technology 210 2019-09-13
2019 Xuan Xu, Saso Sturm, Janez Zavasnik, Kristina Z. Rozman
Electrodeposition of a Rare‐Earth Iron Alloy from an Ionic‐Liquid Electrolyte
published pages: 2860-2869, ISSN: 2196-0216, DOI: 10.1002/celc.201900286
ChemElectroChem 6/11 2019-09-13
2018 Anas Eldosouky, Irena Å kulj
Hydrogen Reaction with SmCo Compounds: Literature Review
published pages: 516-527, ISSN: 2199-3823, DOI: 10.1007/s40831-018-0195-z
Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy 4/4 2019-09-13
2019 Awais Ikram, M. Farhan Mehmood, Zoran Samardžija, Richard Stuart Sheridan, Muhammad Awais, Allan Walton, Saso Sturm, Spomenka Kobe, Kristina Žužek Rožman
Coercivity Increase of the Recycled HDDR Nd-Fe-B Powders Doped with DyF3 and Processed via Spark Plasma Sintering & the Effect of Thermal Treatments
published pages: 1498, ISSN: 1996-1944, DOI: 10.3390/ma12091498
Materials 12/9 2019-09-13
2018 Xiaohua Li, Zheng Li, Martina Orefice, Koen Binnemans
Metal Recovery from Spent Samarium–Cobalt Magnets Using a Trichloride Ionic Liquid
published pages: 2578-2584, ISSN: 2168-0485, DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b05604
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 7/2 2019-09-13
2018 Martina Orefice, Koen Binnemans, Tom Vander Hoogerstraete
Metal coordination in the high-temperature leaching of roasted NdFeB magnets with the ionic liquid betainium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide
published pages: 9299-9310, ISSN: 2046-2069, DOI: 10.1039/C8RA00198G
RSC Advances 8/17 2019-09-13
2018 Jha Amit Kumar; Li Ziwei; Garcia Adolfo; Upadhayay Pranshu; Rasmussen Peter Omand; Kedous-Lebouc Afef; Garbuio Lauric
Weighted Index of Recycling and Energy (WIRE) Cost for Motors in Electric Vehicles
published pages: 407-412, ISSN: , DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3377947
IEEE Xplore Digital Library 7 2019-09-13
2019 Awais Ikram, Farhan Mehmood, Richard Stuart Sheridan, Muhammad Awais, Allan Walton, Anas Eldosouky, Saso Sturm, Spomenka Kobe, Kristina Zuzek Rozman
Particle size dependent sinterability and magnetic properties of recycled HDDR Nd–Fe–B powders consolidated with spark plasma sintering
published pages: , ISSN: 1002-0721, DOI: 10.1016/j.jre.2019.02.010
Journal of Rare Earths 2019-09-13
2019 Awais Ikram, M. Farhan Mehmood, Mateja Podlogar, Anas Eldosouky, Richard Stuart Sheridan, Muhammad Awais, Allan Walton, Marjeta Maček Kržmanc, Tomaz Tomse, Spomenka Kobe, Saso Sturm, Kristina Žužek Rožman
The sintering mechanism of fully dense and highly coercive Nd-Fe-B magnets from the recycled HDDR powders reprocessed by spark plasma sintering
published pages: 1195-1206, ISSN: 0925-8388, DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.09.322
Journal of Alloys and Compounds 774 2019-09-13
2019 Martina Orefice, Heleen Audoor, Zheng Li, Koen Binnemans
Solvometallurgical route for the recovery of Sm, Co, Cu and Fe from SmCo permanent magnets
published pages: 281-289, ISSN: 1383-5866, DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2019.03.029
Separation and Purification Technology 219 2019-09-13
2018 Anas Eldosouky, Irena Å kulj
Recycling of SmCo 5 magnets by HD process
published pages: 249-253, ISSN: 0304-8853, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2018.01.064
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 454 2019-09-09
2018 Anas Eldosouky, Awais Ikram, Muhammad Farhan Mehmood, Xuan Xu, Saso Sturm, Kristina Zuzek Rozman, Irena Skulj
Hydrogen Decrepitation and Spark Plasma Sintering to Produce Recycled SmCo 5 Magnets With High Coercivity
published pages: 1-4, ISSN: 1949-307X, DOI: 10.1109/LMAG.2018.2831174
IEEE Magnetics Letters 9 2019-09-09

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