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Hyksos Enigma SIGNED

The Enigma of the Hyksos

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 Hyksos Enigma project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the Hyksos Enigma project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "Hyksos Enigma" about.

delta    foreign    heritage    ad    seizure    model    exploration    rendering    besides    east    levant    1st    modern    carriers    enormous    origin    mainly    dab    places    predecessors    2nd    period    represented    poorly    class    phenomenon    region    tied    texts    dynasty    history    happened    reveal    wealth    investigations    analytical    israelites    largely    historical    ancestors    envisaged    host    ancient    materials    rule    power    quantities    expansion    nevertheless    title    interrelated    suggested    historian    1640    decades    enigma    incorporating    people    egyptology    el    hyksos    attributed    rotaba    geographical    thought    greek    pushed    appearance    hurrian    egyptian    josephus    sciences    first    rulers    egypt    left    material    cent    sources    write    flavius    semites    holistic    bc    chapter    array    temples    theoretical    data    innovative    1530    excavations    millennium    onomastic    last    scholars    dialogue    palaces    western    utilised    salient    near    think    aside    country    maskhuta    physical    culture    urban    settlements    countries    archaeological    asiatic    world    played    tombs    tracks    eastern   

Project "Hyksos Enigma" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: WIEN
postcode: 1010

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Austria [AT]
 Project website
 Total cost 2˙446˙819 €
 EC max contribution 2˙446˙819 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-01-01   to  2020-12-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
2    BOURNEMOUTH UNIVERSITY UK (POOLE) participant 489˙312.00


 Project objective

The Hyksos (Greek rendering of the Egyptian title “rulers of the foreign countries”) were a dynasty of foreign rulers of Egypt between c.1640 and 1530 BC. Some modern researchers, following the ancient historian Flavius Josephus (1st cent. AD) thought they were ancestors of the early Israelites, others suggested that their appearance should be tied to the Hurrian expansion to the Levant. Most scholars today think, according to the onomastic data, that they were western Semites. Their geographical origin in the Levant, their seizure of power and their role in history, remains, however, an enigma, as the period is poorly represented in texts. Nevertheless the Hyksos phenomenon has thus far mainly been studied by text-based Egyptology. In the last decades, however, excavations at T. el-Dab‘a, T. el-Rotaba, T. el Maskhuta and other places in the eastern Delta have produced an enormous wealth of new data such as urban settlements, palaces, tombs, temples, offering remains, besides enormous quantities of material culture and physical remains which can be attributed to the carriers of the Hyksos rule and their predecessors. These materials, left thus far largely aside in the historical discussion, can be utilised as first class historical sources. The envisaged investigations will be conducted in 8 interrelated research tracks, incorporating an array of archaeological, historical, theoretical and analytical sciences. The aim is to reveal in a holistic approach the origin, the dialogue with and the impact of western Asiatic people on culture of the host country and finally their heritage. They played a much greater role in the history of the Old World than envisaged and pushed Egypt into the focus of what happened in the Near East in the 2nd millennium BC. This innovative exploration of the Hyksos phenomenon has the potential to write a new chapter in the history of this salient region and offer a model.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Anna-Latifa Mourad
Asiatics and Levantine(-infuenced) Products in Nubia: Evidence from the Middle Kingdom to the Early Second Intermediate Period
published pages: 381-402, ISSN: 1015-5104, DOI: 10.1553/aeundl27s381
Ägypten und Levante 27 j 2020-02-07
2018 Manfred Bietak
The Giparu of Ur as a Paradigm for Gender-Related Temple Types in the Ancient Near East
published pages: 9-23, ISSN: 0334-9578, DOI:
Eretz Israel 33 annual 2020-02-07
2018 Andrew Curry
The Rulers of Foreign Lands
published pages: 28-33, ISSN: 0003-8113, DOI: bi-monthly 2020-02-07
2018 Manfred Bietak
Review: The Enigma of the Hyksos: Anna-Latifa Mourad, Rise of the Hyksos, Egypt and the Levant from the Middle Kingdom to the Early Second Intermediate Period
published pages: 227-247, ISSN: 0006-1913, DOI:
Bibliotheca orientalis 75/3-4 quadrimonthly 2020-02-07

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The information about "HYKSOS ENIGMA" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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