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Strategies for Environmental Monitoring of Marine Carbon Capture and Storage

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "STEMM-CCS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


There are not information about this coordinator. Please contact Fabio for more information, thanks.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 15˙968˙369 €
 EC max contribution 15˙918˙369 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU. (Develop competitive and environmentally safe technologies for CO2 capture, transport, storage and re-use)
 Code Call H2020-LCE-2015-1-two-stage
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-03-01   to  2020-02-29


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
4    UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON UK (SOUTHAMPTON) participant 2˙440˙750.00
8    HERIOT-WATT UNIVERSITY UK (EDINBURGH) participant 482˙010.00
9    TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET GRAZ AT (GRAZ) participant 460˙443.00
13    UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN NO (BERGEN) participant 261˙796.00
16    UNI RESEARCH AS NO (BERGEN) participant 0.00


 Project objective

STEMM-CCS is an ambitious research and innovation project on geological carbon dioxide (CO2) storage that will deliver new insights, guidelines for best practice, and tools for all phases of the CO2 storage cycle at ocean Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) sites. It brings together the main operator (Shell) of the world’s first commercial scale full-chain ocean demonstration CCS project (Peterhead Project) with the leading scientific and academic researchers in the field of ocean CCS. The work performed in STEMM-CCS will add value to this existing operational programme, and fill gaps in future capability by providing generically applicable definitive guides, technologies and techniques informing how to select a site for CCS operations, how to undertake a risk assessment, how best to monitor the operations, how to provide information on fluxes and quantification of any leakage; necessary for the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and to guide mitigation/remediation actions. All of this information will be used to better communicate the case for offshore CCS, with a particular focus on communities directly and indirectly impacted. During STEMM-CCS we will perform a simulated CO2 leak beneath the surface sediments at the site to be used for CCS as part of the Peterhead project. This experiment will be used to test CO2 leak detection, leak quantification, impact assessment, and mitigation/remediation decision support techniques currently at the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) stage 4-5 and support their development to a higher TRL. In addition, using new geophysical approaches STEMM-CCS will develop tools to assess leakage from natural geological features (e.g. chimneys) and engineered structures such as abandoned wells. The Peterhead project will commence during the life of STEMM-CCS and so a unique aspect is the focus on a real-world ocean CCS site covering its initial phases of implementation, with direct involvement of industrial partners.


List of deliverables.
Training workshop 2 Other 2020-03-25 12:16:26
Technology prototyping and testing Documents, reports 2020-03-25 12:16:26
Training workshop 1 Other 2020-03-25 12:16:26
Generic method for the application of remote sensing in guiding CCS baseline data acquisition Documents, reports 2020-03-25 12:16:24
Science briefs Other 2020-03-25 12:16:24
Glossary of terminology Other 2020-03-25 12:16:24
Project brochure Other 2020-03-25 12:16:24
Project website Other 2020-03-25 12:16:24
Simulated leak experiment site and logistics plan Documents, reports 2020-03-25 12:16:24

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of STEMM-CCS deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2020 Sunny Singhroha, Stefan Bünz, Andreia Plaza‐Faverola, Shyam Chand
Detection of Gas Hydrates in Faults Using Azimuthal Seismic Velocity Analysis, Vestnesa Ridge, W‐Svalbard Margin
published pages: , ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1029/2019JB017949
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 125/2 2020-04-24
2020 Yi Yu, Hongsen He, Badong Chen, Jianghui Li, Youwen Zhang, Lu Lu
M-Estimate Based Normalized Subband Adaptive Filter Algorithm: Performance Analysis and Improvements
published pages: 225-239, ISSN: 2329-9290, DOI: 10.1109/taslp.2019.2950597
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing 28 2020-04-24
2020 Pan Zhou, Weiguang Zhao, Jianghui Li, Ang Li, Wei Du, Shiping Wen
Massive Maritime Path Planning: A Contextual Online Learning Approach
published pages: 1-12, ISSN: 2168-2267, DOI: 10.1109/tcyb.2019.2959543
IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics 2020-04-24
2020 Junfeng Wang, Yue Cui, Hao Jiang, Gaofeng Pan, Haixin Sun, Jianghui Li, Hamada Esmaiel
Estimation of Rice Factor Ratio for Doubly Selective Fading Channels
published pages: 31330-31340, ISSN: 2169-3536, DOI: 10.1109/access.2020.2973180
IEEE Access 8 2020-04-24
2020 Christoph Böttner
Natural and anthropogenic fluid migration pathways in marine sediments
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2020 Dirk Koopmans, Moritz Holtappels, Arjun Chennu, Miriam Weber, Dirk de Beer
High Net Primary Production of Mediterranean Seagrass (Posidonia oceanica) Meadows Determined With Aquatic Eddy Covariance
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-7745, DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00118
Frontiers in Marine Science 7 2020-04-01
2019 Zhaohui Aleck Wang, Hassan Moustahfid, Amy V. Mueller, Anna P. M. Michel, Matthew Mowlem, Brian T. Glazer, T. Aran Mooney, William Michaels, Jonathan S. McQuillan, Julie C. Robidart, James Churchill, Marc Sourisseau, Anne Daniel, Allison Schaap, Sam Monk, Kim Friedman, Patrice Brehmer
Advancing Observation of Ocean Biogeochemistry, Biology, and Ecosystems With Cost-Effective in situ Sensing Technologies
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-7745, DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00519
Frontiers in Marine Science 6 2020-03-31
2020 Andrea Muñoz-Ibáñez, Ismael Himar Falcon-Suarez, Héctor Marín-Moreno, Jordi Delgado-Martín, Peter Mackin
Transport properties of saline CO2 storage reservoirs with unconnected fractures from brine-CO2 flow-through tests
published pages: 106551, ISSN: 0920-4105, DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2019.106551
Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 184 2020-03-25
2020 Anna Oleynik, Maribel I. García-Ibáñez, Nello Blaser, Abdirahman Omar, Guttorm Alendal
Optimal sensors placement for detecting CO2 discharges from unknown locations on the seafloor
published pages: 102951, ISSN: 1750-5836, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2019.102951
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 95 2020-03-25
2020 Chao Xu, Mingxing Wu, Tian Zhou, Jianghui Li, Weidong Du, Wanyuan Zhang, Paul R. White
Optical Flow-Based Detection of Gas Leaks from Pipelines Using Multibeam Water Column Images
published pages: 119, ISSN: 2072-4292, DOI: 10.3390/rs12010119
Remote Sensing 12/1 2020-03-25
2020 Junfeng Wang, Yue Cui, Jianghui Li, Haixin Sun, Qiang Li, Biao Wang, Mingzhang Zhou, Zeyad A. H. Qasem, Hamada Esmaiel
On Orthogonal Coding-Based Modulation
published pages: 1-1, ISSN: 1089-7798, DOI: 10.1109/lcomm.2020.2967743
IEEE Communications Letters 2020-03-25
2020 Jianghui Li, Ben Roche, Jonathan M. Bull, Paul R. White, John W. Davis, Michele Deponte, Emiliano Gordini, Diego Cotterle
Passive acoustic monitoring of a natural CO2 seep site – Implications for carbon capture and storage
published pages: 102899, ISSN: 1750-5836, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2019.102899
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 93 2020-03-25
2020 Jianghui Li, Paul R. White, Ben Roche
Seafloor noise ensemble from vessel manoeuvre in the central North Sea
published pages: 106836, ISSN: 0029-8018, DOI: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2019.106836
Ocean Engineering 196 2020-03-25
2019 Jianghui Li, Paul R. White, Ben Roche, John W. Davis, Timothy G. Leighton
Underwater radiated noise from hydrofoils in coastal water
published pages: 3552-3561, ISSN: 0001-4966, DOI: 10.1121/1.5134779
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 146/5 2020-03-25
2019 Hualin Lan, Paul R. White, Na Li, Jianghui Li, Dajun Sun
Coherently Averaged Power Spectral Estimate for Signal Detection
published pages: 107414, ISSN: 0165-1684, DOI: 10.1016/j.sigpro.2019.107414
Signal Processing 2020-03-25
2019 A. M. Omar, H. Thomas, A. Olsen, M. Becker, I. Skjelvan, G. Reverdin
Trends of Ocean Acidification and p CO 2 in the Northern North Sea, 2003–2015
published pages: , ISSN: 2169-8953, DOI: 10.1029/2018jg004992
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 2020-03-25
2019 Jonas Gros, Mark Schmidt, Andrew W. Dale, Peter Linke, Lisa Vielstädte, Nikolaus Bigalke, Matthias Haeckel, Klaus Wallmann, Stefan Sommer
Simulating and Quantifying Multiple Natural Subsea CO 2 Seeps at Panarea Island (Aeolian Islands, Italy) as a Proxy for Potential Leakage from Subseabed Carbon Storage Sites
published pages: 10258-10268, ISSN: 0013-936X, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b02131
Environmental Science & Technology 53/17 2020-03-25
2019 Junfeng Wang, Yue Cui, Haixin Sun, Jianghui Li, Mingzhang Zhou, Zeyad A. H. Qasem, Hamada Esmaiel, Lanjun Liu
Doppler Shift Estimation for Space-Based AIS Signals Over Satellite-to-Ship Links
published pages: 76250-76262, ISSN: 2169-3536, DOI: 10.1109/access.2019.2921915
IEEE Access 7 2020-03-25
2017 Hakan Dogan, Paul R. White, Timothy G. Leighton
Acoustic wave propagation in gassy porous marine sediments: The rheological and the elastic effects
published pages: 2277-2288, ISSN: 0001-4966, DOI: 10.1121/1.4978926
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 141/3 2020-03-25
2017 Elizaveta Protsenko, Shamil Yakubov, Gennady Lessin, Evgeniy Yakushev, Adam Sokołowski
Modeling seasonal variability of carbonate system parameters at the sediment -water interface in the Baltic Sea (Gdansk Deep)
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Geophysical Research Abstracts 19 2020-03-25
2018 Ismael Himar Falcon‐Suarez, Kelvin Amalokwu, Jordi Delgado‐Martin, Ben Callow, Katleen Robert, Laurence North, Sourav K. Sahoo, Angus I. Best
Comparison of stress‐dependent geophysical, hydraulic and mechanical properties of synthetic and natural sandstones for reservoir characterization and monitoring studies
published pages: 784-803, ISSN: 0016-8025, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2478.12699
Geophysical Prospecting 67/4 2020-03-25
2019 Establishing an Effective Environmental Baseline for Offshore CCS.
Widdicombe, Steve and Huvenne, Veerle and Strong, James and Blackford, Jerry and Tilstone, Gavin, 14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) . Available at SSRN:
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) 2020-03-25
2019 Bull, Jonathan and Berndt, Christian and Minshull, Timothy and Henstock, Timothy and Bayrakci, Gaye and Gehrmann, Romina and Provenzano, Giuseppe and Bottner, Christoph and Schramm, Bettina and Callow, Ben and Chapman, Mark and Birinci, Hamza and Yilo, Naima and Dewar, Marius and Chen, Baixin and Saleem, Umar and Marin-Moreno, Hector and Lichtschlag, Anna and Falcon-Suarez, Ismael and Roche, Ben
Constraining Leakage Pathways Through the Overburden Above Sub-Seafloor Co2 Storage Reservoirs.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) . 2020-03-25
2019 Blackford, Jerry and Alendal, Guttorm and Artioli, Yuri and Avlesen, Helge and Cazenave, Pierre and Chen, Baixin and Dale, Andy and Dewar, Marius and García-Ibáñez, Maribel I. and Gros, Jonas and Gundersen, Kristian and Haeckel, Matthias and Khajepor, Sorush and Lessin, Gennadi and Oleynik, Anna and Omar, Abdirahman M. and Saleem, Umer.
Ensuring Efficient and Robust Offshore Storage – The Role of Marine System Modelling.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) . 2020-03-25
2019 Pierre Cazenave Ricardo Torres Jerry Blackford Yuri Artioli Jorn Bruggeman
Regional Modelling to Inform the Design of Sub-Sea CO2 Storage Monitoring Networks
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) 2020-03-25
2019 Lessin, Gennadi and Artioli, Yuri and Bruggeman, Jorn and Blackford, Jerry,
Can We Use Departure from Natural Co-Variance Relationships for Monitoring of Offshore Carbon Storage Integrity?
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) 2020-03-25
2019 Omar, Abdirahman and Ibanez Garcia, Maribel and Alendal, Guttorm.
The stoichiometric Cseep method as a tool to distinguish CO2 seepage signal from the natural variability.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) 2020-03-25
2019 Oleynik, Anna and Gundersen, Kristian and Alendal, Guttorm and Skaug, Hans and Gullliksson, MÃ¥rten and Avlesen, Helge and Berntsen, Jarle and Blackford, Jeremy and Cazenave, Pierre
Simplified Modelling as a Tool to Locate and Quantify Fluxes from a CO2 Seep to Marine Waters.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) 2020-03-25
2019 Gundersen, Kristian and Oleynik, Anna and Alendal, Guttorm and Skaug, Hans and Avlesen, Helge and Berntsen, Jarle and Blaser, Nello and Blackford, Jeremy and Cazenave, Pierre,
Ensuring Efficient and Robust Offshore Storage - Use of Models and Machine Learning Techniques to Design Leak Detection Monitoring.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies Conference Melbourne 21-26 October 2018 (GHGT-14) 2020-03-25
2019 Youwen Zhang, Tengfei Wu, Yuriy Zakharov, Jianghui Li
MMP-DCD-CV based sparse channel estimation algorithm for underwater acoustic transform domain communication system
published pages: 43-52, ISSN: 0003-682X, DOI: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2019.04.019
Applied Acoustics 154 2020-03-25
2018 Omar, A. M.; García-Ibáñez, M. I.; Alendal, G.
The stoichiometric Cseep method as a tool to distinguish CO2 seepage signal from the natural variability 
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Energy Procedia 2020-03-25
2019 Youwen Zhang, Junxuan Li, Yuriy Zakharov, Xiang Li, Jianghui Li
Deep learning based underwater acoustic OFDM communications
published pages: 53-58, ISSN: 0003-682X, DOI: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2019.04.023
Applied Acoustics 154 2020-03-25
2019 Jianghui Li, Paul R. White, Jonathan M. Bull, Timothy G. Leighton
A noise impact assessment model for passive acoustic measurements of seabed gas fluxes
published pages: 294-304, ISSN: 0029-8018, DOI: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2019.03.046
Ocean Engineering 183 2020-03-25
2019 Christoph Böttner, Christian Berndt, Benedict T.I. Reinardy, Jacob Geersen, Jens Karstens, Jonathan M. Bull, Ben J. Callow, Anna Lichtschlag, Mark Schmidt, Judith Elger, Bettina Schramm, Matthias Haeckel
Pockmarks in the Witch Ground Basin, Central North Sea
published pages: , ISSN: 1525-2027, DOI: 10.1029/2018gc008068
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 2020-03-25
2018 Sorush Khajepor, Jing Cui, Marius Dewar, Baixin Chen
A study of wall boundary conditions in pseudopotential lattice Boltzmann models
published pages: , ISSN: 0045-7930, DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2018.05.011
Computers & Fluids 2020-03-25
2018 Martin Zurowietz, Daniel Langenkämper, Brett Hosking, Henry A. Ruhl, Tim W. Nattkemper
MAIA—A machine learning assisted image annotation method for environmental monitoring and exploration
published pages: e0207498, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207498
PLOS ONE 13/11 2020-03-25
2019 Christoph Staudinger, Johanna Breininger, Ingo Klimant, Sergey M. Borisov
Near-infrared fluorescent aza-BODIPY dyes for sensing and imaging of pH from the neutral to highly alkaline range
published pages: , ISSN: 0003-2654, DOI: 10.1039/c9an00118b
The Analyst 2020-03-25
2017 G. Alendal
Cost efficient environmental survey paths for detecting continuous tracer discharges
published pages: , ISSN: 2169-9275, DOI: 10.1002/2016JC012655
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 2020-03-25
2017 García-Ibáñez, Maribel I.; Omar, Abdirahman M.; Johannessen, Truls
Geochemical monitoring for detection of CO2 leakage from subsea storage sites
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Geophysical Research Abstracts 19 2020-03-25
2017 Evgeniy V. Yakushev, Elizaveta A. Protsenko, Jorn Bruggeman, Philip Wallhead, Svetlana V. Pakhomova, Shamil Kh. Yakubov, Richard G. J. Bellerby, Raoul-Marie Couture
Bottom RedOx Model (BROM v.1.1): a coupled benthic–pelagic model for simulation of water and sediment biogeochemistry
published pages: 453-482, ISSN: 1991-9603, DOI: 10.5194/gmd-10-453-2017
Geoscientific Model Development 10/1 2020-03-25
2017 Jerry Blackford, Yuri Artioli, James Clark, Lee de Mora
Monitoring of offshore geological carbon storage integrity: Implications of natural variability in the marine system and the assessment of anomaly detection criteria
published pages: 99-112, ISSN: 1750-5836, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2017.06.020
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 64 2020-03-25
2018 Ben Callow, Ismael Falcon-Suarez, Sharif Ahmed, Juerg Matter
Assessing the carbon sequestration potential of basalt using X-ray micro-CT and rock mechanics
published pages: 146-156, ISSN: 1750-5836, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2017.12.008
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 70 2020-03-25
2016 A. Mantouka, H. Dogan, P. R. White, T. G. Leighton
Modelling acoustic scattering, sound speed, and attenuation in gassy soft marine sediments
published pages: 274-282, ISSN: 0001-4966, DOI: 10.1121/1.4954753
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 140/1 2020-03-25
2017 Guttorm Alendal, Jeremy Blackford, Baixin Chen, Helge Avlesen, Abdirahman Omar
Using Bayes Theorem to Quantify and Reduce Uncertainties when Monitoring Varying Marine Environments for Indications of a Leak
published pages: 3607-3612, ISSN: 1876-6102, DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1492
Energy Procedia 114 2020-03-25

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