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The Dynamics of Solidarity on Madagascar: An Ethnography of Political Conflicts and Appeasement Strategies in the Context of a Pronounced Consens Norm

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 DySoMa project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DySoMa project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DySoMa" about.

tensions    positive    insecurity    local    malagasy    official    dynamics    popular    economy    had    dispute    practical    limited    disorder    worship    building    interpretation    triggered    distinctive    alongside    western    successful    suspended    scientific    ancestor    2009    institutional    insightful    demands    colonial    war    resolution    degenerated    million    population    rooted    island    marked    clear    first    arouses    independently    historical    position    acute    furnish    personalities    contrast    solidarity    mechanisms    ongoing    justice    social    rarity    embodiment    powerful    plummeted    peace    amongst    cope    melaky    madagascan    capital    fihavanana    close    ethnography    political    antananarivo    period    charismatic    beginning    attractive    difficult    22    anthropological    evaluation    international    escalation    devise    paving    crisis    risk    madagascar    theoretical    region    conflict    contexts    post    anthropology    de    national    internationally    movements    conventional    situation    unusual    opportunity    presidency    brokered    qualitative    strategies    innovative    led    relevance    negotiations    stand    curiosity   

Project "DySoMa" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: HALLE (Saale)
postcode: 6108

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website
 Total cost 236˙210 €
 EC max contribution 236˙210 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-GF
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-11-01   to  2020-01-03


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
2    UNIVERSITY OF ANTANANARIVO MG (Antananarivo) partner 0.00


 Project objective

The aim of this anthropological research project is to improve understanding of the peace-making processes operating in the ongoing Malagasy political crisis. A dispute in 2009 over the Malagasy presidency, the most powerful political position on the island, marked the beginning of a particularly difficult period. At first tensions were limited to the national political level, but the situation rapidly degenerated into a more general social crisis as international support was suspended, the economy plummeted down and the population of about 22 million had to cope with great insecurity.

In this period of acute risk to social order a number of unusual conflict resolution strategies were adopted independently. Alongside the official, internationally brokered negotiations, there were a number of distinctive, local mechanisms which had a clear, positive impact on the situation. The innovative institutional embodiment of a local concept of solidarity rooted in traditional ancestor worship (fihavanana) and popular justice movements led by charismatic personalities were amongst the most important in paving the way for conflict resolution and a new beginning for Madagascar.

The rarity of such successful conflict resolution in post-colonial contexts arouses curiosity and demands close evaluation. An attractive scientific challenge is triggered, offering a unique opportunity to devise an ethnography of de-escalation and peace which will stand in contrast to the conventional focus on war and disorder. Anthropological fieldwork in Antananarivo (the Madagascan capital) and the Western Melaky region as well as historical research will furnish qualitative evidence for an insightful interpretation of the unique dynamics of solidarity observed.

The project will contribute to a better understanding of the recent Malagasy crisis but will also provide an important case study of theoretical and practical relevance to political anthropology and international peace-building initiatives.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Peter Kneitz
The Lords of Muskets. Influx and Integration of Firearms into Precolonial Madagascar: Insights from Robert Drury’s account
published pages: , ISSN: 0257-9774, DOI:
Anthropos 2 issues per year 2019-03-25
2020 Peter Kneitz
Charm battles: Vigilantes, Magic, and the State in Middle Western Madagascar
published pages: , ISSN: 0959-2318, DOI:
Small Wars & Insurgencies 7 issues per year 2019-03-25
2017 Peter Kneitz
Vers l’institutionnalisation de la solidarité à Madagascar: Un regard sur le Conseil du Fampihavanana Malagasy (CFM)
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Workshop contribution 2019-03-25
2019 Peter Kneitz
The quest for solidarity and reconciliation in Madagascar
published pages: , ISSN: 1040-2659, DOI:
Peace Review Four issues per year 2019-03-25

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