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IN-Fo-trace-DG SIGNED

Role of GABAergic interneurons in the formation of new memory traces in the Dentate Gyrus ofbehaving mice

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

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 IN-Fo-trace-DG project word cloud

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memory    visualize    area    output    interconnectivity    intensive    neuronal    differently    interference    adult    excitatory    dentate    excitation    environment    examine    synapses    populations    temporal    innovative    emerge    mature    cell    difficult    ones    memories    association    space    largely    associations    first    patterns    suggest    photon    traces    question    spatial    gabaergic    insights    ins    processed    plasticity    adapt    constraints    vivo    gcs    born    trace    optogenetic    changing    networks    dependent    interneurons    brain    balance    signals    despite    inhibition    mechanisms    cortical    imaging    tools    molecular    made    little    assembly    cells    organisms    principal    recordings    unknown    discrete    structure    theories    neurons    recruitment    modifications    gyrus    analyze    individual    acquisition    fundamental    form    cellular    fo    dg    time    disciplinary    learning    progress    group    inhibitory    population    granule    virtual   

Project "IN-Fo-trace-DG" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITAETSKLINIKUM FREIBURG 

Organization address
address: HUGSTETTER STRASSE 49
city: FREIBURG
postcode: 79106
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Total cost 2˙463˙693 €
 EC max contribution 2˙463˙693 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-10-01   to  2023-09-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAETSKLINIKUM FREIBURG DE (FREIBURG) coordinator 2˙463˙693.00

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 Project objective

Despite intensive study in the past on the problem of how information is processed in the brain to enable individual organisms to adapt to their continuously changing environment, little progress has been made on how new similar but discrete memory traces emerge in neuronal networks during learning. Current theories suggest that experience-dependent modifications in excitation-inhibition balance enable a selected group of neurons to form a new cell association during learning which represent the new memory trace. It was further proposed that particularly GABAergic inhibitory interneurons (INs) have a large impact on population activity in neuronal networks by means of their inhibitory output synapses. However, how cell associations emerge in space and time and how INs may contribute to this process is still largely unknown. This complex topic was so far difficult to address due to technical constraints. IN-Fo-Trace-DG aims to address this fundamental question in the dentate gyrus (DG), a brain structure essential for the acquisition of similar but discrete new memories. Based on our detailed knowledge on DG’s cellular elements, their interconnectivity and our recently established molecular interference tools, we will first, visualize the spatial and temporal activity patterns of cell populations during spatial learning in a virtual-reality using 2-Photon imaging. Second, we will determine the role of IN recruitment and plasticity in assembly formation by optogenetic and molecular interference. Third, we will analyze changes in excitatory and inhibitory signals in granule cells (GCs), the principal cells in this brain area, and INs during learning using whole-cell recordings in vivo. Finally, we will examine whether adult-born GCs contribute differently to learning-associated population activity compared to mature ones in the adult DG. This innovative multi-disciplinary approach will provide new insights on the mechanisms of new memory formation in cortical networks.

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