Opendata, web and dolomites


Dead or Alive: Finding the Origin of Caldera Unrest using Magma Reservoir Models

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 DEFORM project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the DEFORM project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "DEFORM" about.

mechanical    volatiles    computationally    model    eruption    deadly    climate    coupled    local    models    volcanic    calderas    ejected    severe    compare    varying    thermo    evolution    ground    gap    bridge    ductile    ascertain    vast    thought    frameworks    currents    punctuated    seismicity    del    impacts    explosively    lahars    explosive    proportions    undergoing    alter    unrest    chile    form    episodic    sudden    maule    volume    pronounced    indicate    solids    gases    release    cooling    laguna    reservoir    noxious    global    observations    leveraging    dimensional    simulate    injection    density    uplift    liquids    understand    dynamics    quantities    trigger    migrate    destructive    unlikely    emissions    physics    time    series    forming    deformation    implied    transport    gas    erupt    hazard    caldera    elevated    eruptions    brittle    pyroclastic    magma    magmatic    continuum    difficult    crystallizing    phases    valley    efficient    reactive    simulation    crustal    expand   

Project "DEFORM" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: G12 8QQ

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 212˙933 €
 EC max contribution 212˙933 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2019
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-11-01   to  2022-10-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW UK (GLASGOW) coordinator 212˙933.00


 Project objective

Caldera-forming volcanic eruptions can have severe impacts from the local to global scale. As vast quantities of magma are ejected during the eruption, they can trigger deadly pyroclastic density currents and lahars, release noxious gases and even alter global climate. At many calderas, episodic unrest in the form of pronounced uplift, increased seismicity and elevated gas emissions raise concern over the potential for such destructive eruptions. However, it remains difficult to ascertain whether the unrest observations indicate (1) an injection of new magma into the crustal reservoir, which could increase its potential for explosive eruptions, or (2) a sudden release of magmatic volatiles from a cooling and crystallizing reservoir, which would remain unlikely to erupt explosively. In this proposed project, I will develop a physics-based model of a magma reservoir to determine the processes involved in magma injection and evolution that may lead to episodic unrest. Of particular interest is how gases migrate through the system and alter reservoir volume. The model will simulate the thermo-mechanical evolution of a two-dimensional, three-phase (solids, liquids, gas) magma reservoir. By leveraging emerging continuum frameworks for reactive transport modelling, this work will expand existing two-dimensional models to simulate three phases in varying proportions in a computationally efficient approach. The reservoir model will be coupled to ductile-to-brittle crustal deformation to understand the conditions that lead to episodic unrest. I will compare simulation results with time series observations of ground deformation and gas emissions from Laguna del Maule in Chile, thought to be undergoing magma injection, and Long Valley in the US, thought to have experienced punctuated gas release. Results will bridge the gap among current models of three-phase magma dynamics and will improve understanding of the eruption hazard implied by caldera unrest.

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The information about "DEFORM" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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