Explosive Volcanism in the Earth System


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 Nazionalità Coordinatore Germany [DE]
 Totale costo 2˙991˙058 €
 EC contributo 2˙991˙058 €
 Programma FP7-IDEAS-ERC
Specific programme: "Ideas" implementing the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)
 Code Call ERC-2009-AdG
 Funding Scheme ERC-AG
 Anno di inizio 2010
 Periodo (anno-mese-giorno) 2010-04-01   -   2017-07-31


# participant  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 

 Organization address address: GESCHWISTER SCHOLL PLATZ 1
postcode: 80539

contact info
Titolo: Mr.
Nome: Steven
Cognome: Daskalov
Email: send email
Telefono: +49 89 21806941
Fax: +49 89 2180 2985

DE (MUENCHEN) hostInstitution 2˙991˙058.00

 Organization address address: GESCHWISTER SCHOLL PLATZ 1
postcode: 80539

contact info
Titolo: Prof.
Nome: Donald Bruce
Cognome: Dingwell
Email: send email
Telefono: 498922000000
Fax: 498922000000

DE (MUENCHEN) hostInstitution 2˙991˙058.00


 Word cloud

Esplora la "nuvola delle parole (Word Cloud) per avere un'idea di massima del progetto.

explosive    global    experimental    impact    volcanic    physico    opportunity    eruptive    differentiation    volcanism    direct    magma    mechanistic    volcanology    events    chemical    earth    investigation   

 Obiettivo del progetto (Objective)

'Volcanism, is a vital factor in the Earth system. Molten silicates are a major transport agent in the differentiation and interaction of lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. Further, the immediate consequences of volcanic eruptions on all scales - local, regional and global - are issues of direct practical relevance to mankind as they are measured in lives, infrastructure and the environment. Volcanism is the result of a complex interplay of physico-chemical processes operating at varying efficiencies during ascent, differentiation and eruption of magma. As a result, volcanic phenomena span a range from effusive to explosive. The largest explosive events are repeatedly responsible for global impact on the Earth System, yet it is precisely these events that, due to their explosive character, are relatively inaccessible for direct scientific investigation. A major opportunity in accessing such systems has been provided by recent technological advances permitting the experimental investigation of volcanism. Experimental volcanology operates directly under volcanic conditions of time, pressure, temperature, and state; a near-unique opportunity in the solid earth sciences. Based on experimental volcanology, this project aims to provide mechanistic models of magmatic/volcanic processes and their impact on the Earth System. Four priority areas are selected as those needing most urgent attention. These are: 1) Quantification of the rheology of magma/lava for parameterisation of stress-strain relationships in numerical simulations of eruptive events. 2) Mechanistic understanding explosive failure of magma for the interpretation of volcanic hazard monitoring. 3) Development of quantitative methods for inferring eruptive physics from the physico-chemical fossil records (thermal, magnetic, chemical) preserved in volcanic lavas. 4) Experimental characterisation of the physical, chemical and biological properties and impact of volcanic ash on the earth system.'

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