Opendata, web and dolomites


Living Architecture

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "LIAR" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: KINGS GATE
postcode: NE1 7RU

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 3˙216˙555 €
 EC max contribution 3˙216˙555 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.2.1. (FET Open)
 Code Call H2020-FETOPEN-2014-2015-RIA
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-04-01   to  2019-06-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
4    EXPLORA SRL IT (ROMA) participant 462˙187.00
5    LIQUIFER SYSTEMS GROUP GMBH AT (Vienna) participant 324˙086.00
6    UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI TRENTO IT (TRENTO) participant 217˙218.00


 Project objective

Living Architecture (LIAR) is a modular bioreactor-wall, which is based on the operational principles of microbial fuel cell technology and synthetic ‘consortia’ of microbes. LIAR is conceived as a next-generation selectively-programmable bioreactor and integral component of human dwelling, capable of extracting valuable resources from waste water and air, generation of oxygen and production of proteins and fiber by manipulating consortia performance. Its operational principles are grounded in distributed sensing, decentralised autonomous information processing, high-degree of fault-tolerance and distributed actuation and reconfiguration. Applications within urban systems are examined as a form of customizable micro-agriculture for installation in domestic, public (schools, hospitals) and office environments. Such a system has far reaching impacts on the building performance (resilience, resource recycling) manufacturing and design with ecosystems.

The project establishes:

• Foundational concepts through which ‘designed’ metabolisms can computationally process, recycle, remediate and synthesise valuable compounds from waste water.

• Transferable principles by which synthetic ecosystems can shape the environmental performance of our living spaces to increase our health, productivity and ecosystems impact.

• New standards for synthetic ‘ecosystems’ through consortia design, engineering and optimization.


List of deliverables.
ODACS part 3 Documents, reports 2020-02-26 11:49:08
Progress Report Period 1 Documents, reports 2020-02-26 11:49:08
Bioreactor Implementation Report Documents, reports 2020-02-26 11:49:09
Progress Report Period 2 Documents, reports 2020-02-26 11:49:09
LIAR hardware Demonstrators, pilots, prototypes 2020-02-26 11:49:08
Final Report Documents, reports 2020-02-26 11:49:09
ODACS part 2 and updates Documents, reports 2020-02-26 11:49:07
Model reactor array Demonstrators, pilots, prototypes 2020-02-26 11:49:06
ODACS part 1 Documents, reports 2020-02-26 11:49:06
LIAR website Websites, patent fillings, videos etc. 2020-02-26 11:49:07

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of LIAR deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Grzegorz Pasternak, Martin M. Hanczyc
Novel method for detecting and quantifying phenol with transient response of glycolytic oscillations of synchronised yeast cells
published pages: 100259, ISSN: 2214-1804, DOI: 10.1016/j.sbsr.2019.100259
Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research 22 2020-02-26
2018 Michail-Antisthenis Tsompanas, Andy Adamatzky, Ioannis Ieropoulos, Neil Phillips, Georgios Ch. Sirakoulis, John Greenman
Modelling Microbial Fuel Cells using lattice Boltzmann methods
published pages: 1-1, ISSN: 1545-5963, DOI: 10.1109/tcbb.2018.2831223
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics 2020-02-26
2019 Alberto de Ramón-Fernández, M.J. Salar-García, Daniel Ruiz-Fernández, J. Greenman, I. Ieropoulos
Modelling the energy harvesting from ceramic-based microbial fuel cells by using a fuzzy logic approach
published pages: 113321, ISSN: 0306-2619, DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113321
Applied Energy 251 2020-02-26
2019 Michail-Antisthenis Tsompanas, Jiseon You, Lauren Wallis, John Greenman, Ioannis Ieropoulos
Artificial neural network simulating microbial fuel cells with different membrane materials and electrode configurations
published pages: 226832, ISSN: 0378-7753, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.226832
Journal of Power Sources 436 2020-02-26
2019 Grzegorz Pasternak, Yuejiao Yang, Bruno Bosquiroli Santos, Federico Brunello, Martin M. Hanczyc, Antonella Motta
Regenerated silk fibroin membranes as separators for transparent microbial fuel cells
published pages: 146-155, ISSN: 1567-5394, DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2018.12.004
Bioelectrochemistry 126 2020-02-26
2017 Armstrong R, Ferracina S, Caldwell G, Ieropoulos I, Rimbu G, Adamatzky A, Phillips N, De Lucrezia D, Imhof B, Hanczyc MM, Nogales J, Garcia J.
Living Architecture (LIAR): Metabolically engineered building units
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
In: Heisel, F; Hebel, D, ed. Cultivated Building Materials: Industrialized Natural Resources for Architecture and Construction. 2020-02-26
2017 Michail-Antisthenis Tsompanas, Andrew Adamatzky, Ioannis Ieropoulos, Neil Phillips, Georgios Ch. Sirakoulis, John Greenman
Cellular non-linear network model of microbial fuel cell
published pages: 53-62, ISSN: 0303-2647, DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.04.003
Biosystems 156-157 2020-02-26
2017 Andrew Adamatzky
Fredkin and Toffoli Gates Implemented in Oregonator Model of Belousov–Zhabotinsky Medium
published pages: 1750041, ISSN: 0218-1274, DOI: 10.1142/S0218127417500419
International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos 27/03 2020-02-26
2017 Michail-Antisthenis I. Tsompanas, Andrew Adamatzky, Georgios Ch. Sirakoulis, John Greenman, Ioannis Ieropoulos
Towards implementation of cellular automata in Microbial Fuel Cells
published pages: e0177528, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177528
PLOS ONE 12/5 2020-02-26
2019 Armstrong, R., Ferracina, S., Hughes, R.
Liquid Life: On Nonlinear Materiality
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.21983/p3.0246.1.00
2018 Cansu Uluşeker, Martin M. Hanczyc, Ozan Kahramanoğulları
Mechanisms of Switching Response to External Phosphate Levels in Escheria coli
published pages: 633-640, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1162/isal_a_00116
The 2018 Conference on Artificial Life 2020-02-26
2018 Martin M Hanczyc, Barbara Imhof, Andrew Adamatzky
Living architecture: workshop report from the European Conference on Artificial Life, Lyon, France, 4 September 2017
published pages: 85-88, ISSN: 1059-7123, DOI: 10.1177/1059712318761518
Adaptive Behavior 26/2 2020-02-26
2019 Canalejo, F. J.; Nogales, J.
The inclusion of side metabolic reactions in the genome-scale metabolic model of Pseudomonas putida highlights to underground metabolism as key player in metabolic robustness
published pages: , ISSN: 2254-3821, DOI:
Biosaia: Revista de los másteres de Biotecnología Sanitaria y Biotecnología Ambiental, Industrial y Alimentaria vol. 1, no 8 2020-02-26
2019 Mesa-Galán, A., Blázquez, B., Nogales, J.
Genexput: A rapid and standarised method for large genome expansion of Pseudomonas putida
published pages: , ISSN: 2254-3821, DOI:
Biosaia: Revista de los másteres de Biotecnología Sanitaria y Biotecnología Ambiental, Industrial y Alimentaria vol. 1, no 8 2020-02-26
2019 Cansu Uluşeker, Jesús Torres-Bacete, José L. García, Martin M. Hanczyc, Juan Nogales, Ozan Kahramanoğulları
Quantifying dynamic mechanisms of auto-regulation in Escherichia coli with synthetic promoter in response to varying external phosphate levels
published pages: , ISSN: 2045-2322, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-38223-w
Scientific Reports 9/1 2020-02-26
2019 Ronco-Campaña, A.; Torres-Bacete, J.; Nogales, J.
Engineering self-regulated synthetic gene expression systems and its application on controlled protein expression
published pages: , ISSN: 2254-3821, DOI:
Biosaia: Revista de los másteres de Biotecnología Sanitaria y Biotecnología Ambiental, Industrial y Alimentaria vol. 1, no 8. 2020-02-26

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