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TETRAPODBONES

Evaluations of bone strength in the evolutionary invasion of land by tetrapods

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 TETRAPODBONES project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the TETRAPODBONES project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "TETRAPODBONES" about.

physical    bones    mechanics    weak    synthesis    bone    techniques    salamanders    functional    human    severely    locomotion    informing    palaeontology    trained    transformative    innovative    back    influenced    stage    interdisciplinary    types    simultaneously    integrity    vertebrate    researcher    deformations    became    ecological    training    public    innovation    hypothesis    scans    dataset    engineering    er    body    evolution    evolutionary    limbs    imaging    fossil    walked    plan    fore    limit    structures    behaviours    demands    quantified    anatomy    history    hindlimb    differences    edge    bearing    tetrapods    imposes    biomechanics    insights    structural    cutting    compare    yields    limb    aquatic    transitions    outreach    quantify    tracing    silico    move    estimate    mu    powerful    animals    musculoskeletal    integrates    terrestrial    finite    resolution    vertebrates    ct    how    events    ichthyostega    3d    prevailing    stem    stresses    strength    locomotor    science    enigmatic    diversification    land    biomedical    digit    ancestry    tetrapod    communicator    influence    extant    thereafter    broadly   

Project "TETRAPODBONES" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
THE ROYAL VETERINARY COLLEGE 

Organization address
address: ROYAL COLLEGE STREET
city: LONDON
postcode: NW1 OTU
website: www.rvc.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website http://sandykawano.weebly.com/tetrapodbones.html
 Total cost 183˙454 €
 EC max contribution 183˙454 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2015
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-ST
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-08-22   to  2018-08-21

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    THE ROYAL VETERINARY COLLEGE UK (LONDON) coordinator 183˙454.00

Map

 Project objective

How tetrapods (vertebrates with digit-bearing limbs) became terrestrial is one of the most transformative yet enigmatic events in vertebrate history that set the stage for the diversification of tetrapods thereafter. Being on land imposes physical demands on the musculoskeletal system and weak bones can severely limit the capabilities of animals, yet the importance of bone strength in the evolution of terrestrial locomotion is not well understood. The proposed research integrates innovative approaches on the limbs of an early stem tetrapod, Ichthyostega, in order to: 1) quantify how well the limb bones in an early stem tetrapod could support locomotion on land, 2) compare the differences between the fore- and hindlimb bone mechanics, and 3) test the prevailing hypothesis that early stem tetrapods walked like extant salamanders. An interdisciplinary synthesis of cutting-edge techniques in engineering, 3D biomedical imaging, palaeontology, and biomechanics will be used to test the structural integrity of fossil limb bones in silico. Bone strength will be quantified with high-resolution μ-CT scans and finite element analysis, an engineering approach to estimate stresses and deformations in complex structures in response to physical demands. This novel dataset will address the ability of Ichthyostega to move on land, and what types of locomotor behaviours were not possible for an early stem tetrapod on land. Simultaneously, training and research activities in state-of-the-art engineering and 3D technology, evolutionary biomechanics, and public outreach will foster the development of the Experienced Researcher (ER) into an innovative and broadly trained researcher and science communicator. At a broader scale, tracing back the evolutionary steps to becoming terrestrial yields powerful insights into the tetrapod body plan, informing how ecological transitions influence functional innovation and how human anatomy is influenced by our ancestry from aquatic tetrapods.

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