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Unravelling The Structure and Evolution of Solar Magnetic Flux Ropes and Their Magnetosheaths

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "SolMAG" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 14

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Finland [FI]
 Total cost 1˙934˙876 €
 EC max contribution 1˙934˙876 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-COG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-06-01   to  2022-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are spectacular stellar eruptions that carry huge amounts of plasma and magnetic flux into the space. The interests in their origin, structure, and dynamics reach from fundamental plasma physics to paramount impact on their parent stars and the surrounding planets. One of the most outstanding problems in the studies of CMEs is the lack of reliable information on their magnetic field properties until observed directly. This severely limits our understanding of many aspects in the lifespan of CMEs and their far-reaching consequences. SolMAG will deliver realistic and detailed information of the magnetic fields in CMEs. We will further use this knowledge to obtain significant breakthroughs in CME research, including unravelling physical processes that control CME initiation and evolution, and characterizing formation and interaction of key CME structures. A unique opportunity is provided by recent advances in data-driven and time-dependent numerical simulations and state-of-the-art high-quality remote-sensing solar observations. We will form an unprecedented synthesis of a revolutionary coupled coronal simulation my group is now developing and innovative cross-scale observational analyses. UH space physics team is exceptionally well-placed to carry out this challenging project: We have an unusually versatile background in CME research and strong experience both in numerical simulations and data analysis covering the whole Sun to Earth chain. SolMAG is also particularly timely now when our society is becoming increasingly dependent on technology that solar eruptions have potential to damage and the role of CMEs influencing planetary and stellar evolution is being emphasized. In addition, this project will be an important contribution to European Space Agency’s activities, including the future Solar Orbiter and BebiColombo missions, which also provides a natural exit strategy for this project.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 S. W. Good, E. K. J. Kilpua, A. T. LaMoury, R. J. Forsyth, J. P. Eastwood, C. Möstl
Self‐Similarity of ICME Flux Ropes: Observations by Radially Aligned Spacecraft in the Inner Heliosphere
published pages: 4960-4982, ISSN: 2169-9380, DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026475
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 124/7 2019-12-16
2019 Erika Palmerio, Camilla Scolini, David Barnes, Jasmina Magdalenić, Matthew J. West, Andrei N. Zhukov, Luciano Rodriguez, Marilena Mierla, Simon W. Good, Diana E. Morosan, Emilia K. J. Kilpua, Jens Pomoell, Stefaan Poedts
Multipoint Study of Successive Coronal Mass Ejections Driving Moderate Disturbances at 1 au
published pages: 37, ISSN: 1538-4357, DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1850
The Astrophysical Journal 878/1 2019-12-16
2019 E. K. J. Kilpua, D. Fontaine, C. Moissard, M. Ala‐Lahti, E. Palmerio, E. Yordanova, S. W. Good, M. M. H. Kalliokoski, E. Lumme, A. Osmane, M. Palmroth, L. Turc
Solar Wind Properties and Geospace Impact of Coronal Mass Ejection‐Driven Sheath Regions: Variation and Driver Dependence
published pages: 1257-1280, ISSN: 1542-7390, DOI: 10.1029/2019sw002217
Space Weather 17/8 2019-12-16
2019 Matti Ala‐Lahti, Emilia K. J. Kilpua, Jan Souček, Tuija I. Pulkkinen, Andrew P. Dimmock
Alfvén Ion Cyclotron Waves in Sheath Regions Driven by Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections
published pages: , ISSN: 2169-9380, DOI: 10.1029/2019ja026579
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 2019-12-16
2019 D. E. Morosan, E. K. J. Kilpua, E. P. Carley, C. Monstein
Variable emission mechanism of a Type IV radio burst
published pages: A63, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834510
Astronomy & Astrophysics 623 2019-12-16
2019 E. K. J. Kilpua, D. L. Turner, A. N. Jaynes, H. Hietala, H. E. J. Koskinen, A. Osmane, M. Palmroth, T. I. Pulkkinen, R. Vainio, D. Baker, S. G. Claudepierre
Outer Van Allen Radiation Belt Response to Interacting Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections
published pages: 1927-1947, ISSN: 2169-9380, DOI: 10.1029/2018ja026238
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 124/3 2019-12-16
2019 E.K.J. Kilpua, N. Lugaz, M. L. Mays, M. Temmer
Forecasting the Structure and Orientation of Earthbound Coronal Mass Ejections
published pages: 498-526, ISSN: 1542-7390, DOI: 10.1029/2018sw001944
Space Weather 17/4 2019-12-16
2019 E. Lumme, M. D. Kazachenko, G. H. Fisher, B. T. Welsch, J. Pomoell, E. K. J. Kilpua
Probing the Effect of Cadence on the Estimates of Photospheric Energy and Helicity Injections in Eruptive Active Region NOAA AR 11158
published pages: , ISSN: 0038-0938, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-019-1475-x
Solar Physics 294/6 2019-12-16
2019 Emilia K. J. Kilpua, Simon W. Good, Erika Palmerio, Eleanna Asvestari, Erkka Lumme, Matti Ala-Lahti, Milla M. H. Kalliokoski, Diana E. Morosan, Jens Pomoell, Daniel J. Price, Jasmina Magdalenić, Stefaan Poedts, Yoshifumi Futaana
Multipoint Observations of the June 2012 Interacting Interplanetary Flux Ropes
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-987X, DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2019.00050
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences 6 2019-12-16
2019 Diana E. Morosan, Eoin P. Carley, Laura A. Hayes, Sophie A. Murray, Pietro Zucca, Richard A. Fallows, Joe McCauley, Emilia K. J. Kilpua, Gottfried Mann, Christian Vocks, Peter T. Gallagher
Multiple regions of shock-accelerated particles during a solar coronal mass ejection
published pages: 452-461, ISSN: 2397-3366, DOI: 10.1038/s41550-019-0689-z
Nature Astronomy 3/5 2019-12-16
2019 D. J. Price, J. Pomoell, E. Lumme, E. K. J. Kilpua
Time-dependent data-driven coronal simulations of AR 12673 from emergence to eruption
published pages: A114, ISSN: 0004-6361, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935535
Astronomy & Astrophysics 628 2019-12-16
2017 E. Lumme, J. Pomoell, E. K. J. Kilpua
Optimization of Photospheric Electric Field Estimates for Accurate Retrieval of Total Magnetic Energy Injection
published pages: , ISSN: 0038-0938, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-017-1214-0
Solar Physics 292/12 2019-05-29
2017 E. K. J. Kilpua, A. Balogh, R. von Steiger, Y. D. Liu
Geoeffective Properties of Solar Transients and Stream Interaction Regions
published pages: 1271-1314, ISSN: 0038-6308, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-017-0411-3
Space Science Reviews 212/3-4 2019-05-29
2018 Matti M. Ala-Lahti, Emilia K. J. Kilpua, Andrew P. Dimmock, Adnane Osmane, Tuija Pulkkinen, Jan Souček
Statistical analysis of mirror mode waves in sheath regions driven by interplanetary coronal mass ejection
published pages: 793-808, ISSN: 1432-0576, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-36-793-2018
Annales Geophysicae 36/3 2019-05-29
2018 E. Palmerio, E. K. J. Kilpua, C. Möstl, V. Bothmer, A. W. James, L. M. Green, A. Isavnin, J. A. Davies, R. A. Harrison
Coronal Magnetic Structure of Earthbound CMEs and In Situ Comparison
published pages: 442-460, ISSN: 1542-7390, DOI: 10.1002/2017SW001767
Space Weather 16/5 2019-05-29
2017 Emilia Kilpua, Hannu E. J. Koskinen, Tuija I. Pulkkinen
Coronal mass ejections and their sheath regions in interplanetary space
published pages: , ISSN: 1614-4961, DOI: 10.1007/s41116-017-0009-6
Living Reviews in Solar Physics 14/1 2019-05-29

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