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A Silk Road in the Palaeolithic: Reconstructing Late Pleistocene Hominin Dispersals and Adaptations in Central Asia

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 PALAEOSILKROAD project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the PALAEOSILKROAD project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "PALAEOSILKROAD" about.

interglacial    suite    earlier    corridors    contextualised    period    foothills    connected    dzungar    piece    ago    economic    regions    warmer    mountain    palaeosilkroad    resolve    segmentation    survive    kazakhstan    archaeological    arid    tian    asian    world    events    glaciers    asia    habitats    unfortunately    human    global    last    110    extinction    500    avenue    link    resilience    genus    dispersals    motivated    ice    population    did    network    archives    colonised    mainland    story    iddle    dramatic    southern    surviving    homo    discoveries    environmental    substantially    genetic    species    11    animal    happened    glacial    environments    rooted    feats    archaeology    reconstruction    ages    conquering    few    examine    history    begun    routes    entire    central    questions    connections    backdrop    hinted    behavioural    road    ancestors    discover    middle    periodic    adaptations    extreme    antiquity    deficit    fundamental    altered    became    movements    sapiens    shan    missing    cultural    pleistocene    phases    cycle    east    impressive    settle    understand    climate    sites    altai    silk    trade    surveying    humans    palaeoenvironmental    too   

Project "PALAEOSILKROAD" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
postcode: 72074

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Total cost 1˙497˙643 €
 EC max contribution 1˙497˙643 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2017
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2017-06-01   to  2022-05-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

In antiquity and the early Middle Ages, a network of trade routes known as the Silk Road connected east Asia and the Ðœiddle East. The Silk Road was not just an economic link, but also the avenue for cultural and even genetic exchanges between these regions. Recent genetic discoveries have hinted that such connections might have begun much earlier, during the Pleistocene. The Pleistocene period is of fundamental importance for human history. It is then that our ancestors evolved and colonised the entire Old World, surviving a suite of major extinction events – and they did so against a dramatic backdrop of ice ages and warmer interglacial phases which substantially altered their habitats. Conquering the extreme environments of arid central Asia to eventually settle the entire Asian mainland and beyond is one of the most impressive feats in this story. Unfortunately, there are too few known Pleistocene archaeological sites in central Asia to allow us to piece together when and how this happened. PALAEOSILKROAD will resolve this deficit by surveying central Asian mountain foothills as both corridors for human and animal movements and archives of past climate change. The project will discover new sites in the Tian Shan, Dzungar, and southern Altai foothills (Kazakhstan) and use them to examine if and how 1) humans were able to survive in the foothills throughout the last glacial cycle (110-11 500 years ago), and 2) periodic advances of mountain glaciers motivated dispersals, population segmentation, and behavioural adaptations. To address these questions, PALAEOSILKROAD will take an ambitious approach rooted in archaeology and contextualised by palaeoenvironmental reconstruction. The results of this project will change the way we understand human dispersals on a global scale and the resilience of early humans in the face of environmental challenges, providing a major missing link to explain how Homo sapiens became the only surviving species of our genus.

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The information about "PALAEOSILKROAD" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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