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flora robotica

Flora Robotica: Societies of Symbiotic Robot-Plant Bio-Hybrids as Social Architectural Artifacts

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 flora robotica project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the flora robotica project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "flora robotica" about.

benches    connects    scaffolding    organisms    walls    stage    living    actuation    roofs    co    artifacts    create    developmental    local    embodiment    phases    learning    global    bio    hybrid    plans    human    small    hence    sprout    cultural    emerge    distributed    grows    plasticity    lightweight    patterns    actions    plant    shows    linked    dependent    social    potentials    behavior    robotic    assemblies    quality    functioning    robots    embodied    plants    self    relationships    shade    relief    architectural    desired    interaction    robot    watering    heterogeneous    later    air    cognitive    ing    hybrids    artificial    time    stress    humans    explore    connected    inhabited    stimuli    organizing    represented    spaces    turn    environment    structures    natural    grow    develops    society    form    appropriate    live    supports    parts    locations    interactions    adult    symbiotic    weight    periods    construction    internet    controls    modules    tropisms    guiding    garden    biological    contrast    closely    sensing    creation    wirelessly   

Project "flora robotica" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: LUBECK
postcode: 23562

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Germany [DE]
 Project website
 Total cost 3˙641˙782 €
 EC max contribution 3˙641˙781 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.2.2. (FET Proactive)
 Code Call H2020-FETPROACT-2014
 Funding Scheme RIA
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-04-01   to  2019-03-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITAET zu LUEBECK DE (LUBECK) coordinator 420˙850.00
4    UNIVERSITAET GRAZ AT (GRAZ) participant 608˙445.00
6    UNIVERSITAET PADERBORN DE (PADERBORN) participant 375˙000.00


 Project objective

This project's objective is to develop and to investigate closely linked symbiotic relationships between robots and natural plants and to explore the potentials of a plant-robot society able to produce architectural artifacts and living spaces. We will create a society of robot-plant bio-hybrids functioning as an embodied, self-organizing, and distributed cognitive system. The system grows and develops over long periods of time in interactions with humans resulting in the creation of meaningful architectural structures. The robotic assemblies (‘artificial plants’) support and control the biological plants through appropriate scaffolding, watering, and stimuli that exploit the plants’ different tropisms. The natural plant, in turn, supports and controls the robotic plant by guiding it through growth and support the weight of the robot in later growth phases. The artificial plants are built from small heterogeneous sensing and actuation modules connected using lightweight construction elements. Each robotic plant connects wirelessly to the Internet. In contrast to top-down control, we explore a developmental plasticity of bio-hybrid systems, where robots and plans grow together from sprout to adult stage and form a closely co-dependent and self-organized system. The robot-plant organisms live in a human-inhabited environment and through interaction with humans grow into architectural structures (e.g., walls, roofs, benches) providing functionality such as shade, air quality control, and stress relief. Humans, plants, and robots form an internet-connected social garden where desired structures and behavior patterns emerge based on both local interactions and global interaction with parts of the garden growing at other locations. Hence, the social garden is a cultural system that shows long-term learning and adaptation where all past actions and interactions between the natural and artificial plants are represented in the embodiment of the garden.


List of deliverables.
Report on the final algorithms and plant-affection of bio-hybrid organism Documents, reports 2020-01-24 14:23:58
Architectural propositions Documents, reports 2020-01-24 14:23:59
Plant-robot interaction mechanisms and distributed actuation system Documents, reports 2020-01-24 14:23:59
Report on the integration of algorithms on flora robotica and first tests Documents, reports 2020-01-24 14:23:59
Representations and design rules Documents, reports 2020-01-24 14:23:59
Evaluation of mechatronics prototype of the robotic symbiont including supporting software Documents, reports 2020-01-24 14:23:59
Data management plan (open research data pilot) Open Research Data Pilot 2020-01-24 14:23:57
Investigation of current mechatronics systems as a basis for the robotic symbiont Documents, reports 2020-01-24 14:23:58
Progress on basic models of bio-hybrid organisms Documents, reports 2020-01-24 14:23:58

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of flora robotica deliverables.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2017 Frank Veenstra, Chloe Metayer, Sebastian Risi, Kasper Stoy
Toward Energy Autonomy in Heterogeneous Modular Plant-Inspired Robots through Artificial Evolution
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-9144, DOI: 10.3389/frobt.2017.00043
Frontiers in Robotics and AI 4 2020-01-24
2017 Tomasz Skrzypczak, Rafał Krela, Wojciech Kwiatkowski, Shraddha Wadurkar, Aleksandra Smoczyńska, Przemysław Wojtaszek
Plant Science View on Biohybrid Development
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-4185, DOI: 10.3389/fbioe.2017.00046
Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 5 2020-01-24
2017 Daniel Nicolas Hofstadler, Mostafa Wahby, Mary Katherine Heinrich, Heiko Hamann, Payam Zahadat, Phil Ayres, Thomas Schmickl
Evolved Control of Natural Plants
published pages: 1-24, ISSN: 1556-4665, DOI: 10.1145/3124643
ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems 12/3 2020-01-24
2017 Mary Katherine Heinrich, Phil Ayres, Yaneer Bar-Yam
A Multiscale Model of Morphological Complexity in Cities
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! 2020-01-24
2017 Daniela Kengyel, Payam Zahadat, Franz Wotawa, Thomas Schmickl
Towards swarm level optimisation: the role of different movement patterns in swarm systems
published pages: 1-19, ISSN: 1744-5760, DOI: 10.1080/17445760.2017.1404600
International Journal of Parallel, Emergent and Distributed Systems 2020-01-24
2019 Tomasz Skrzypczak, Rafal Krela, Shraddha Wadurkar, Kris Gevaert, Eveline Van De Slijke, Geert De Jaeger, Krzysztof Leśniewicz, Przemysław Wojtaszek
Characterization of the γ-secretase subunit interactome in Arabidopsis thaliana
published pages: , ISSN: 0137-5881, DOI: 10.1007/s11738-019-2811-3
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 41/2 2020-01-24
2018 Mostafa Wahby, Mary Katherine Heinrich, Daniel Nicolas Hofstadler, Ewald Neufeld, Igor Kuksin, Payam Zahadat, Thomas Schmickl, Phil Ayres, Heiko Hamann
Autonomously shaping natural climbing plants: a bio-hybrid approach
published pages: 180296, ISSN: 2054-5703, DOI: 10.1098/rsos.180296
Royal Society Open Science 5/10 2020-01-24
2018 Payam Zahadat, Thomas Schmickl
Locomotion as a Result of Displacement of Resources
published pages: 232-233, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1162/isal_a_00048
The 2018 Conference on Artificial Life 2020-01-24
2018 Frank Veenstra, Pablo González de Prado Salas, Josh Bongard, Kasper Stoy, Sebastian Risi
Intrinsic Mortality Governs Evolvability
published pages: 242-249, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1162/isal_a_00050
The 2018 Conference on Artificial Life 2020-01-24
2016 Payam Zahadat, Daniel Nicolas Hofstadler, Thomas Schmickl
Vascular Morphogenesis Controller: A Distributed Controller for Growing Artificial Structures
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th IEEE International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems (SASO 2016) 2020-01-24
2016 Mohammad Divband Soorati and Heiko Hamann
Robot Self-Assembly as Adaptive Growth Process: Collective Selection of Seed Position and Self-Organizing Tree-Structures
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) 2020-01-24
2016 Hamann, Heiko; von Mammen, Sebastian; Heider, Michael
Robot gardens
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI: 10.1145/2993369.2993400
Proceedings of the 22nd ACM Conference on Virtual Reality Software and Technology - VRST \'16 7 2020-01-24
2016 Heinrich, Mary Katherine and Ayres, Phil
Using the Phase Space to Design Complexity - Design Methodology for Distributed Control of Architectural Robotic Elements
published pages: 413-422, ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 2020-01-24
2016 Tomasz Skrzypczak, Przemysław Wojtaszek, Daniel Hofstadler, Payam Zahadat, Thomas Schmickl, Sebastian Risi, Andres Faiña, Frank Veenstra, Kasper Stoy, Igor Kuksin, Yury Nepomnyashchiy, Olga Kernbach, Serge Kernbach, Mary Katherine Heinrich, David Andres Leon, Phil Ayres, Mostafa Wahby, Mohammad Soorati, Heiko Hamann
Flora Robotica: societies of symbiotic robot-plant bio-hybrids as social architectural artifacts
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Plant Biology Europe EPSO/FESPB 2016 Congress in Prague 26-30 June 2016 2020-01-24
2015 Mostafa Wahby, Mohammad Divband Soorati, Sebastian von Mammen, Heiko Hamann
Evolution of Controllers for Robot-Plant Bio-Hybdrids: A Simple Case Study Using a Model of Plant Growth and Motion
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proc. of the 25th Workshop on Computational Intelligence 2020-01-24
2016 Mary Katherine Heinrich, Mostafa Wahby, Mohammad Divband Soorati, Daniel Nicolas Hofstadler, Payam Zahadat, Phil Ayres, Kasper Støy, Heiko Hamann
Self-Organized Construction with Continuous Building Material: Higher Flexibility based on Braided Structures
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
1st International Workshop on Self-Organising Construction (SOCO), SASO 2016 and ICCAC 2016 2020-01-24
2016 Ferrante, Eliseo,; Valentini, Gabriele; Hamann, Heiko; Dorigo, Marco
Collective decision with 100 Kilobots: speed versus accuracy in binary discrimination problems
published pages: 553-580, ISSN: 1387-2532, DOI: 10.1007/s10458-015-9323-3 30 2020-01-24
2016 Mostafa Wahby, Daniel Nicolas Hofstadler, Mary Katherine Heinrich, Payam Zahadat, Heiko Hamann
An Evolutionary Robotics Approach to the Control of Plant Growth and Motion: Modeling Plants and Crossing the Reality Gap
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
10th IEEE International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems (SASO 2016) 2020-01-24
2016 Heiko Hamann, Yara Khaluf, Jean Botev, Mohammad Divband Soorati, Eliseo Ferrante, Oliver Kosak, Jean-Marc Montanier, Sanaz Mostaghim, Richard Redpath, Jon Timmis, Frank Veenstra, Mostafa Wahby, Aleš Zamuda
Hybrid Societies: Challenges and Perspectives in the Design of Collective Behavior in Self-organizing Systems
published pages: , ISSN: 2296-9144, DOI: 10.3389/frobt.2016.00014
Frontiers in Robotics and AI 3 2020-01-24
2016 Heinrich, Mary Katherine and Phil Ayres
For Time-Continuous Optimisation: Replacing Automation with Interactive Visualisation in Multi-Objective Behavioural Design
published pages: 373-382, ISSN: , DOI:
Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) 2020-01-24

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