Opendata, web and dolomites


Reproducing EArthquakes in the Laboratory: Imaging, Speed and Mineralogy

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 REALISM project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the REALISM project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "REALISM" about.

asset    first    day    passel    samples    fault    dynamic    rupturing    examples    data    et    temporal    plan    upper    2013    deep    slip    ubiquitously    frontiers    valuable    never    fact    statistical    small    techniques    uncontrollable    idea    pressures    ultimate    experimental    seismic    dynamics    infrastructure    drilled    basis    analogs    physics    kilometres    insights    earth    fracture    inversion    active    experiments    gutenberg    source    laws    rupture    depths    interdisciplinary    unravel    gue    situ    al    door    resolution    earthquakes    earthquake    mere    quantities    stress    mineralogy    hazard    reproduce    spatio    details    laboratory    community    happening    spectacular    shallow    measuring    zones    physical    shown    imaging    events    actual    rock    richter    perform    catastrophes    speed    unprecedented    mantle    seismological    mitigation    seismology    arrest    hundreds    opportunity    temperatures    understand    played    install    crust    energy    budget    mechanics    controls    omori    schubnel    egrave    though   

Project "REALISM" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Project website
 Total cost 2˙748˙188 €
 EC max contribution 2˙748˙188 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-10-01   to  2021-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

We propose a simple idea: to reproduce earthquakes in the laboratory. Because earthquakes are spectacular examples of uncontrollable catastrophes, the opportunity to study them under controlled conditions in the laboratory is unique and is, in fact, the only way to understand the details of the earthquake source physics.

The aim of the project is interdisciplinary, at the frontiers between Rock Fracture Mechanics, Seismology, and Mineralogy. Its ultimate goal is to improve, on the basis of integrated experimental data, our understanding of the earthquake source physics. We have already shown that both deep and shallow laboratory earthquakes are not mere `analogs’ of earthquakes, but are real events – though very small [Passelègue et al. 2013, Schubnel et al. 2013]. During laboratory earthquakes, by measuring all of the physical quantities related to the rupturing process, we will unravel what controls the rupture speed, rupture arrest, the earthquake rupture energy budget, as well as the common role played by mineralogy in both shallow and deep earthquakes. We will also perform some experiments on rock samples drilled from actual active fault zones. Our work will provide insights for earthquake hazard mitigation, constrain ubiquitously observed seismological statistical laws (Omori, Gutenberg-Richter) and produce unprecedented data sets on rock fracture dynamics at in-situ conditions to test seismic slip inversion and dynamic rupture modelling techniques.

The new infrastructure we plan to install will reproduce the temperatures and pressures at depths where earthquakes occur in the crust as well as in the upper mantle of the Earth, with never achieved spatio-temporal imaging resolution to this day. This will be a valuable research asset for the European community, as it will eventually open the door to a better understanding of all the processes happening under stress within the first hundreds of kilometres of the Earth.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 S. Marty, F. X. Passelègue, J. Aubry, H. S. Bhat, A. Schubnel, R. Madariaga
Origin of High‐Frequency Radiation During Laboratory Earthquakes
published pages: 3755-3763, ISSN: 0094-8276, DOI: 10.1029/2018gl080519
Geophysical Research Letters 46/7 2019-09-04
2019 Sarah Incel, Loïc Labrousse, Nadège Hilairet, Timm John, Julien Gasc, Feng Shi, Yanbin Wang, Torgeir B. Andersen, François Renard, Bjørn Jamtveit, Alexandre Schubnel
Reaction-induced embrittlement of the lower continental crust
published pages: 235-238, ISSN: 0091-7613, DOI: 10.1130/g45527.1
Geology 47/3 2019-09-04
2018 J. Aubry, F. X. Passelègue, D. Deldicque, F. Girault, S. Marty, A. Lahfid, H. S. Bhat, J. Escartin, A. Schubnel
Frictional Heating Processes and Energy Budget During Laboratory Earthquakes
published pages: 12,274-12,282, ISSN: 0094-8276, DOI: 10.1029/2018gl079263
Geophysical Research Letters 45/22 2019-09-04
2017 Thomas P. Ferrand, Nadège Hilairet, Sarah Incel, Damien Deldicque, Loïc Labrousse, Julien Gasc, Joerg Renner, Yanbin Wang, Harry W. Green II, Alexandre Schubnel
Dehydration-driven stress transfer triggers intermediate-depth earthquakes
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15247
Nature Communications 8/1 2019-09-04
2017 Thomas P. Ferrand Loïc Labrousse Grégoire Eloy Olivier Fabbri Nadège Hilairet Alexandre Schubnel
Energy Balance From a Mantle Pseudotachylyte, Balmuccia, Italy
published pages: , ISSN: 0148-0227, DOI:
Journal of Geophysical Research 2019-06-18
2017 Thomas P. Ferrand, Nadège Hilairet, Sarah Incel, Damien Deldicque, Loïc Labrousse, Julien Gasc, Joerg Renner, Yanbin Wang, Harry W. Green II, Alexandre Schubnel
Dehydration-driven stress transfer triggers intermediate-depth earthquakes
published pages: 15247, ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15247
Nature Communications 8 2019-06-18

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