Opendata, web and dolomites


Reproducing EArthquakes in the Laboratory: Imaging, Speed and Mineralogy

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 REALISM project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the REALISM project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "REALISM" about.

active    unprecedented    al    slip    fault    situ    earthquakes    energy    uncontrollable    2013    mantle    never    catastrophes    details    community    laws    frontiers    temporal    rock    passel    earth    install    first    temperatures    day    mechanics    insights    statistical    analogs    speed    deep    depths    inversion    crust    samples    zones    experimental    source    shown    laboratory    happening    upper    resolution    experiments    infrastructure    drilled    dynamics    seismological    spectacular    small    omori    seismology    unravel    earthquake    plan    opportunity    physical    techniques    schubnel    measuring    stress    valuable    seismic    door    asset    quantities    perform    mere    ubiquitously    events    played    physics    richter    dynamic    imaging    mineralogy    pressures    kilometres    spatio    examples    gue    hundreds    basis    idea    data    et    ultimate    reproduce    mitigation    actual    interdisciplinary    rupturing    shallow    budget    fact    gutenberg    controls    hazard    egrave    understand    though    arrest    rupture    fracture   

Project "REALISM" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
address: RUE MICHEL ANGE 3
city: PARIS
postcode: 75794

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country France [FR]
 Project website
 Total cost 2˙748˙188 €
 EC max contribution 2˙748˙188 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2015-CoG
 Funding Scheme ERC-COG
 Starting year 2016
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2016-10-01   to  2021-09-30


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 


 Project objective

We propose a simple idea: to reproduce earthquakes in the laboratory. Because earthquakes are spectacular examples of uncontrollable catastrophes, the opportunity to study them under controlled conditions in the laboratory is unique and is, in fact, the only way to understand the details of the earthquake source physics.

The aim of the project is interdisciplinary, at the frontiers between Rock Fracture Mechanics, Seismology, and Mineralogy. Its ultimate goal is to improve, on the basis of integrated experimental data, our understanding of the earthquake source physics. We have already shown that both deep and shallow laboratory earthquakes are not mere `analogs’ of earthquakes, but are real events – though very small [Passelègue et al. 2013, Schubnel et al. 2013]. During laboratory earthquakes, by measuring all of the physical quantities related to the rupturing process, we will unravel what controls the rupture speed, rupture arrest, the earthquake rupture energy budget, as well as the common role played by mineralogy in both shallow and deep earthquakes. We will also perform some experiments on rock samples drilled from actual active fault zones. Our work will provide insights for earthquake hazard mitigation, constrain ubiquitously observed seismological statistical laws (Omori, Gutenberg-Richter) and produce unprecedented data sets on rock fracture dynamics at in-situ conditions to test seismic slip inversion and dynamic rupture modelling techniques.

The new infrastructure we plan to install will reproduce the temperatures and pressures at depths where earthquakes occur in the crust as well as in the upper mantle of the Earth, with never achieved spatio-temporal imaging resolution to this day. This will be a valuable research asset for the European community, as it will eventually open the door to a better understanding of all the processes happening under stress within the first hundreds of kilometres of the Earth.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 S. Marty, F. X. Passelègue, J. Aubry, H. S. Bhat, A. Schubnel, R. Madariaga
Origin of High‐Frequency Radiation During Laboratory Earthquakes
published pages: 3755-3763, ISSN: 0094-8276, DOI: 10.1029/2018gl080519
Geophysical Research Letters 46/7 2019-09-04
2019 Sarah Incel, Loïc Labrousse, Nadège Hilairet, Timm John, Julien Gasc, Feng Shi, Yanbin Wang, Torgeir B. Andersen, François Renard, Bjørn Jamtveit, Alexandre Schubnel
Reaction-induced embrittlement of the lower continental crust
published pages: 235-238, ISSN: 0091-7613, DOI: 10.1130/g45527.1
Geology 47/3 2019-09-04
2018 J. Aubry, F. X. Passelègue, D. Deldicque, F. Girault, S. Marty, A. Lahfid, H. S. Bhat, J. Escartin, A. Schubnel
Frictional Heating Processes and Energy Budget During Laboratory Earthquakes
published pages: 12,274-12,282, ISSN: 0094-8276, DOI: 10.1029/2018gl079263
Geophysical Research Letters 45/22 2019-09-04
2017 Thomas P. Ferrand, Nadège Hilairet, Sarah Incel, Damien Deldicque, Loïc Labrousse, Julien Gasc, Joerg Renner, Yanbin Wang, Harry W. Green II, Alexandre Schubnel
Dehydration-driven stress transfer triggers intermediate-depth earthquakes
published pages: , ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15247
Nature Communications 8/1 2019-09-04
2017 Thomas P. Ferrand Loïc Labrousse Grégoire Eloy Olivier Fabbri Nadège Hilairet Alexandre Schubnel
Energy Balance From a Mantle Pseudotachylyte, Balmuccia, Italy
published pages: , ISSN: 0148-0227, DOI:
Journal of Geophysical Research 2019-06-18
2017 Thomas P. Ferrand, Nadège Hilairet, Sarah Incel, Damien Deldicque, Loïc Labrousse, Julien Gasc, Joerg Renner, Yanbin Wang, Harry W. Green II, Alexandre Schubnel
Dehydration-driven stress transfer triggers intermediate-depth earthquakes
published pages: 15247, ISSN: 2041-1723, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15247
Nature Communications 8 2019-06-18

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