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MuBoEx SIGNED

Mushroom Body Expansion in Heliconius butterflies

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 MuBoEx project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the MuBoEx project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "MuBoEx" about.

memories    extensively    mb    volume    neural    structure    neurons    neuroanatomical    highest    constraints    evolution    proximate    species    novelty    storing    sensory    functional    connectivity    plan    function    understand    differences    relate    time    brain    morphology    insect    volumetric    density    behavioural    mushroom    causes    mechanisms    adaptive    central    size    expansion    larger    cues    butterflies    developmental    model    asking    neuroscience    genetic    times    conserved    regions    region    ask    mbs    lepidoptera    share    fundamental    bases    functions    basis    profound    bodies    variation    structures    extract    varies    connections    neuron    genomic    insects    environment    nature    integrate    synthesis    proliferation    appropriate    trigger    encompassing    ultimate    integration    cohesive    integrating    combine    genera    plays    closely    ground    shape    questions    origins    enigmatic    heliconius    evolutionary    determined   

Project "MuBoEx" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL 

Organization address
address: BEACON HOUSE QUEENS ROAD
city: BRISTOL
postcode: BS8 1QU
website: www.bristol.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 1˙499˙940 €
 EC max contribution 1˙499˙940 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-02-01   to  2023-01-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL UK (BRISTOL) coordinator 1˙159˙470.00
2    THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARSOF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE UK (CAMBRIDGE) participant 340˙469.00

Map

 Project objective

The brain plays a central role in the production of adaptive behaviour. It must extract and integrate the most relevant sensory cues from the environment, and combine this information with memories of past experience to trigger appropriate behavioural responses. To fully understand the origins of behavioural novelty we need a detailed understanding of how behavioural differences are generated, both across evolutionary time and during development. This requires the integration of behavioural and neuroanatomical variation, and their genomic and developmental bases.

Mushroom bodies (MBs) are the most enigmatic structures in the insect brain. They have ‘higher order’ functions, integrating sensory information and storing memories of past experience. MBs share a conserved ground plan, but their size and structure varies extensively across species. MB morphology is determined by the number of MB neurons, and the nature and extent of connections they make with other brain regions. As such, they provide a model for asking fundamental questions about how selection, development and functional constraints shape brain evolution.

This project will establish a new study system in evolutionary neuroscience, Heliconius butterflies. MB volume in Heliconius is among the highest across insects, 3-4 times larger than typical for Lepidoptera, including closely related genera. The proposal represents a synthesis of four key objectives that will provide a cohesive understanding of MB expansion in Heliconius, encompassing both proximate and ultimate causes. Specifically, I will ask: i) How does MB expansion enhance behavioural function? ii) How do volumetric changes relate to differences in neuron number, density and connectivity? iii) What developmental mechanisms control region specific changes in neural proliferation? And iv) what is the genetic basis of MB expansion? Addressing these questions will provide profound advances in our understanding of brain evolution.

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The information about "MUBOEX" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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