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MECHANOIDS SIGNED

Probing and controlling the three-dimensional organoid mechanobiology

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "MECHANOIDS" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE BIOENGINYERIA DE CATALUNYA 

Organization address
address: CARRER BALDIRI REIXAC PLANTA 2A 10-12
city: BARCELONA
postcode: 8028
website: http://www.ibecbarcelona.eu

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Spain [ES]
 Total cost 158˙121 €
 EC max contribution 158˙121 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2017
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-EF-RI
 Starting year 2019
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2019-09-01   to  2021-08-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE BIOENGINYERIA DE CATALUNYA ES (BARCELONA) coordinator 158˙121.00

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 Project objective

Interaction between cells and their mechanical microenvironment plays a key role in the regulation of development, physiology and disease. Cell behaviour is also regulated by the dimensionality of the microenvironment: 2D cultures display biological traits that generally differ from those of 3D tissues, thus limiting their potential in biomedical research. This limitation has been addressed by the recent development of Organoids, which faithfully preserve a number of distinctive tissue traits. Still, current biophysical tools and conceptual frameworks are not yet suitable to probe and understand the mechanobiology of 3D organoid systems.

This project aims to study and manipulate the mechanobiology of normal gut and colorectal cancer organoids. We will develop tools to quantify the 3D stresses applied by an organoid embedded in a gel. By measuring its 3D surface stresses and Young’s modulus we will quantify its interstitial pressure and contractility, key parameters in organ growth and tumour progression.

Pressure and contractility will be related with key biological parameters such as geometry, cell adhesion and proliferation. We will fluorescently tag proteins in the organoids that will allow us to track individual cells, as well as monitoring their polarization and adhesion. The relationship between mechanics, geometry, and cell function will be further assessed by chemically reducing proliferation, mechanical stresses and adhesion.

We will also modify the mechanical state of the organoids through optogenetic means. We will express proteins in the cells to control Rho-GTPases upon illumination, thereby steering the local stresses at will. We will modify organoid pressure, contractility and geometry and study their influence on the phenotype.

As organoids emerge as novel tools in biomedical research, we expect that studying and manipulating their mechanobiology will bring key insight into disease and development processes, and potential new therapeutic targets.

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The information about "MECHANOIDS" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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