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INNOVATION SIGNED

Innovation and opportunity in the evolution of life

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "INNOVATION" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL 

Organization address
address: BEACON HOUSE QUEENS ROAD
city: BRISTOL
postcode: BS8 1QU
website: www.bristol.ac.uk

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 2˙482˙225 €
 EC max contribution 2˙482˙225 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-10-01   to  2023-09-30

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF BRISTOL UK (BRISTOL) coordinator 2˙482˙225.00

Map

 Project objective

The aim is to produce a complete evolutionary tree of tetrapods and use this to explore two core questions in macroevolution: the balance between innovation and external processes in driving the evolution of life; and, identifying the best model for morphological evolution. Biodiversity today is unbalanced, with a small number of highly successful groups, like birds and beetles, and many others of equal antiquity but with far fewer species. Why are those groups so successful – was it chance or do they have some remarkable adaptation(s)? The core of the project is to construct a complete evolutionary tree of all 30,000 living species of tetrapods (amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals) and add the 10,000 fossil species; this will generate a database of key characters, the homologies, shared by major groups. The probability of different drivers of diversification will be tested, focusing on those key, highly successful groups (e.g. lizards, birds, neornithines, passerines, rodents) that show explosive evolution to very high species diversity. The proposal goes to the roots of macroevolutionary understanding, and encompasses key questions about origins and modern biodiversity. The project is ambitious, but is possible because of advances in knowledge of relationships of all key tetrapod groups based on phylogenomic and morphological data, increasing precision of geological dating, and the availability of a range of computational methods to construct large phylogenetic trees, to assess likelihood of trees, to explore innovation and evolutionary rates and models, and Bayesian modelling techniques that can map trait data onto large trees and evaluate multiple models of drivers and bias. A unique outcome will be the chance to explore waiting time between major morphological changes, assessing distribution and magnitude, and use this information to inform the construction of a meaningful model of morphological evolution for computational phylogenetics.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2019 Fiona M. Walker, Alexander M. Dunhill, Michael J. Benton
Variable preservation potential and richness in the fossil record of vertebrates
published pages: 313-329, ISSN: 0031-0239, DOI: 10.1111/pala.12458
Palaeontology 63/2 2020-03-11
2020 Benjamin C. Moon, Thomas L. Stubbs
Early high rates and disparity in the evolution of ichthyosaurs
published pages: 1-8, ISSN: 2399-3642, DOI: 10.1038/s42003-020-0779-6
Communications Biology 3/1 2020-03-11
2019 Joep Schaeffer, Michael J. Benton, Emily J. Rayfield, Thomas L. Stubbs
Morphological disparity in theropod jaws: comparing discrete characters and geometric morphometrics
published pages: 283-299, ISSN: 0031-0239, DOI: 10.1111/pala.12455
Palaeontology 63/2 2020-03-11
2019 Thomas L. Stubbs, Michael J. Benton, Armin Elsler, Albert Prieto-Márquez
Morphological innovation and the evolution of hadrosaurid dinosaurs
published pages: 347-362, ISSN: 0094-8373, DOI: 10.1017/pab.2019.9
Paleobiology 45/02 2020-03-11

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The information about "INNOVATION" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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