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The ‘Citizenship Industry’: Commodified citizenship, the corporate sector and global inequality

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






 CitIndus project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the CitIndus project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "CitIndus" about.

explore    spread    schemes    synthesising    scant    political    cuny    experts    jazeel    participant    originally    ucl    possibility    understandings    postcolonial    citizens    corporations    illuminate    gaps    power    citindus    proliferation    complementary    migration    embed    commodification    mediates    meets    bodies    influential    geography    reworks    interdisciplinary    buying    hub    global    scholarly    unexamined    market    st    reworking    theory    calls    inequality    observation    investment    perform    microstate    industry    governments    kitts    corporate    conversation    qualitative    received    world    local    innovative    citizenship    driving    arguably    cutting    inequalities    cbi    largely    caribbean    interviews    1984    supervised    economy    intermediaries    fundamental    prof    shaping    skilfully    social    regimes    torpey    society    nevis    takes    methodologically    edge    document    profiting    science    structures    created    gis   

Project "CitIndus" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: LONDON
postcode: WC1E 6BT
website: n.a.

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Total cost 230˙416 €
 EC max contribution 230˙416 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.3.2. (Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility)
 Code Call H2020-MSCA-IF-2019
 Funding Scheme MSCA-IF-GF
 Starting year 2020
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2020-09-01   to  2023-02-28


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON UK (LONDON) coordinator 230˙416.00


 Project objective

Originally introduced by the Caribbean microstate St. Kitts and Nevis in 1984, the possibility of buying citizenship via citizenship-by-investment (CBI) schemes has more recently spread across the Caribbean and to Europe. This proliferation of CBI, the associated commodification of citizenship and migration, the increase in corporate political power and reworking of social inequality are of fundamental importance to Europe and global society. Yet, CBI has received scant scholarly attention and particularly the ‘Citizenship Industry’ – the corporations and industry bodies driving and profiting from CBI – remains largely unexamined. ‘CitIndus’ addresses these gaps. It will explore how corporations effectively created, skilfully perform and arguably control the global citizenship market; illuminate their role in the proliferation of CBI, in shaping global migration regimes and as increasingly influential intermediaries between governments and citizens. Examining the Citizenship Industry will also further our understandings of how citizenship mediates global and local social inequalities and how its commodification reworks these structures of inequality. CitIndus thus advances interdisciplinary social science on citizenship, migration and social inequality. It also meets growing calls to embed migration research more effectively within social theory and advances the conversation between cutting-edge postcolonial and political economy approaches. Methodologically, CitIndus takes the innovative approach of 'following’ the Citizenship Industry, synthesising complementary qualitative methods, including document analysis, interviews, participant observation and qualitative GIS. CitIndus will be supervised by two world-leading experts: Prof Torpey, an authority on citizenship and the state at CUNY, and Prof Jazeel, an authority on postcolonial geography and migration at UCL and its Migration Research Unit, a European hub for migration research.

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The information about "CITINDUS" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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