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Knowledge For Use [K4U]: Making the Most of Social Science to Build Better Policies

Total Cost €


EC-Contrib. €






Project "K4U" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.


Organization address
city: DURHAM
postcode: DH1 3LE

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country United Kingdom [UK]
 Project website
 Total cost 2˙092˙125 €
 EC max contribution 2˙092˙125 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2014-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2015
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2015-11-01   to  2021-10-31


Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITY OF DURHAM UK (DURHAM) coordinator 1˙797˙800.00
3    UNIVERSITA CA' FOSCARI VENEZIA IT (VENEZIA) participant 29˙490.00


 Project objective

‘Research is an investment in our future’ says Horizon 2020. That’s only true if you know what to do with it. When it comes to social policy, we don’t really know how to put our research results to use. K4U aims to remedy this. K4U will construct a radically new picture of how to use social science to build better social policies. This picture will be founded on an ambitious philosophical study of the technology of social science including a thorough reconceptualisation of objectivity, deliberation and the role of values in the science/society interface. Current work, primarily by the evidence-based policy and practice movement, focusses on knowledge production: encouraging high quality studies and vetting them. Little attention goes to knowledge use: How is social science knowledge to be used in policy design and deliberation – how should it be used so that policy outcomes are more effective and more reliably predictable and competing values and points of view are respected in policy choice and implementation? K4U will provide not just a theoretical but a practical understanding— for users: intelligible and practically helpful to those who need to estimate and balance the effectiveness, the evidence, the chances of success, the costs, the benefits, the winners and losers, and the social, moral, political and cultural acceptability of proposed policies. The philosophical approach of K4U is broadly Popperian. It views ‘science and technology as a means of understanding social problems and responding to them’ and it emphasises the concrete and detailed, where the real content of general philosophical concepts and claims is embodied and interrogated. K4U is a showcase for the kind of philosophy that makes a difference to real life -- philosophy for practice. And it will launch an entire new field in philosophy: the philosophy of social technology.


year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2016 Nancy Cartwright
Contingency and the order of nature
published pages: 56-63, ISSN: 1369-8486, DOI: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2015.12.008
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 58 2020-03-20
2018 Julian Reiss
Against external validity
published pages: , ISSN: 0039-7857, DOI: 10.1007/s11229-018-1796-6
Synthese 2020-03-20
2017 Linda McKie, Marjut Jyrkinen
MyManagement: women managers in gendered and sexualised workplaces
published pages: 98-110, ISSN: 1754-2413, DOI: 10.1108/GM-04-2016-0091
Gender in Management: An International Journal 32/2 2020-03-20
2016 Anna Marmodoro
Dispositional Modality Vis-à-Vis Conditional Necessity
published pages: 205-214, ISSN: 0190-0536, DOI: 10.1111/phin.12125
Philosophical Investigations 39/3 2020-03-20
2016 Angus Deaton, Nancy Cartwright
The limitations of randomised controlled trials
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
2018 Davey, C., Hargreaves, J., Hassan, S., Cartwright, N., Gough, D., Humphreys, M., Masset, E., Oliver, S., Prost, A., Bonell, C.
Designing evaluations to provide evidence to inform action in new settings
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
The Centre of Excellence for Development Impact and Learning (CEDIL) Inception Papers 2020-03-20
2016 Nancy Cartwright
Loose Talk Kills: What’s Worrying about Unity of Method
published pages: 768-778, ISSN: 0031-8248, DOI: 10.1086/687862
Philosophy of Science 83/5 2020-03-20
2018 Kathryn E Joyce, Nancy Cartwright
Meeting our standards for educational justice: Doing our best with the evidence
published pages: 3-22, ISSN: 1477-8785, DOI: 10.1177/1477878518756565
Theory and Research in Education 16/1 2020-03-20
2018 Nancy Cartwright
Theoretical practices that work: those that mimic Nature’s own
published pages: 165, ISSN: 1913-0465, DOI: 10.4245/sponge.v9i1.27045
Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science 9/1 2020-03-20
2016 Anna Marmodoro, Ben Page
Aquinas on Forms, Substances and Artifacts
published pages: 1-21, ISSN: 0042-7543, DOI: 10.1163/15685349-12341310
Vivarium 54/1 2020-03-20
2016 Julian Reiss
Suppes’ probabilistic theory of causality and causal inference in economics
published pages: 289-304, ISSN: 1350-178X, DOI: 10.1080/1350178X.2016.1189127
Journal of Economic Methodology 23/3 2020-03-20
2017 Nancy Cartwright, Jeremy Hardie
Predicting What Will Happen When You Intervene
published pages: 270-279, ISSN: 0091-1674, DOI: 10.1007/s10615-016-0615-0
Clinical Social Work Journal 45/3 2020-03-20
2017 Julian Reiss
Fact-value entanglement in positive economics
published pages: 134-149, ISSN: 1350-178X, DOI: 10.1080/1350178X.2017.1309749
Journal of Economic Methodology 24/2 2020-03-20
2015 Nancy Cartwright
The Dewey Lecture 2015: Get on Board.
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
Proceedings and Adressess of the APA 2020-03-20
2018 Nancy Cartwright
Big Systems Versus Stocky Tangles: It Can Matter to the Details
published pages: 3-19, ISSN: 0165-0106, DOI: 10.1007/s10670-016-9869-8
Erkenntnis 83/1 2020-03-20
2018 Oliver, S., Gough, D., Stewart, R., Dickson, K., Bangpan, M., Pells, K., Hargreaves, J., Cartwright, N., Roche, C.
Stakeholder engagement for development impact and learning
published pages: , ISSN: , DOI:
The Centre of Excellence for Development Impact and Learning (CEDIL) Inception Papers 2020-03-20
2015 Nancy Cartwright
Where’s the Rigor When You Need It?
published pages: 106-124, ISSN: 1554-0642, DOI: 10.1561/1400000045
Foundations and Trends® in Accounting 10/2-4 2020-03-20
2017 Nick Cowen, Baljinder Virk, Stella Mascarenhas-Keyes, Nancy Cartwright
Randomized Controlled Trials: How Can We Know “What Works”?
published pages: 265-292, ISSN: 0891-3811, DOI: 10.1080/08913811.2017.1395223
Critical Review 29/3 2020-03-20
2018 Wendy S. Parker, Eric Winsberg
Values and evidence: how models make a difference
published pages: 125-142, ISSN: 1879-4912, DOI: 10.1007/s13194-017-0180-6
European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8/1 2020-03-20
2017 Eleonora Montuschi
There Is “Noise,” and Noise
published pages: 204-225, ISSN: 1063-6145, DOI: 10.1162/POSC_a_00241
Perspectives on Science 25/2 2020-03-20
2017 Eleonora Montuschi
‘Oggettività e disaccordo: il ruolo degli esperti scientifici nelle decisioni di policy’
published pages: vol. 219, pp. 1-, ISSN: 2035-5866, DOI: 10.23827/BDL_2017_2_1
Biblioteca della libertà 2020-03-20
2017 Louise Caffrey, Eileen Munro
A systems approach to policy evaluation
published pages: 463-478, ISSN: 1356-3890, DOI: 10.1177/1356389017730727
Evaluation 23/4 2020-03-20
2016 Nancy Cartwright, John Bryan Davis
Economics as Science
published pages: 43-55, ISSN: , DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-58017-7_4
2017 Angus Deaton, Nancy Cartwright
Understanding and misunderstanding randomized controlled trials
published pages: , ISSN: 0277-9536, DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.12.005
Social Science & Medicine 2020-03-20
2017 Patrick Bateson, Nancy Cartwright, John Dupré, Kevin Laland, Denis Noble
New trends in evolutionary biology: biological, philosophical and social science perspectives
published pages: 20170051, ISSN: 2042-8898, DOI: 10.1098/rsfs.2017.0051
Interface Focus 7/5 2020-03-20
2017 Sindhuja Bhakthavatsalam, Nancy Cartwright
What’s so special about empirical adequacy?
published pages: 445-465, ISSN: 1879-4912, DOI: 10.1007/s13194-017-0171-7
European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7/3 2020-03-20
2017 Anna Marmodoro
Stoic Blends

published pages: 1-24, ISSN: 1059-986X, DOI: 10.1163/22134417-00321P02
Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 32/1 2020-03-20
2017 Eleonora Montuschi
Using science, making policy: what should we worry about?
published pages: 57-78, ISSN: 1879-4912, DOI: 10.1007/s13194-016-0143-3
European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7/1 2020-03-20

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