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HOPE SIGNED

Humans On Planet Earth - Long-term impacts on biosphere dynamics

Total Cost €

0

EC-Contrib. €

0

Partnership

0

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 HOPE project word cloud

Explore the words cloud of the HOPE project. It provides you a very rough idea of what is the project "HOPE" about.

hypotheses    patterns    changed    modifying    framework    pollen    et    8000    clearance    flawed    impacts    simulations    biomes    11    statistical    suggest    people    imperative    assembly    predict    climate    evenness    rates    time    statistically    continents    2000    strategy    multivariate    extends    earth    lyons    ecology    human    science    hope    erosion    numerical    explored    dynamics    databases    budgets    stratigraphical    inter    humans    last    modify    ecological    prehistory    critical    co    impact    experiments    taxon    al    ecosystem    data    500    prehistoric    6000    question    biosphere    globe    nutrient    occurrences    sites    agriculture    turnover    25    contrasts    hypothesis    basic    consistently    proposes    nature    had    sciences    core    conceptual    relationships    uniformitarianism    shape    interdisciplinary    goes    2016    richness    community    dietl    techniques    water    did    diversity    discern    rules    natural   

Project "HOPE" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN 

Organization address
address: MUSEPLASSEN 1
city: BERGEN
postcode: 5020
website: www.uib.no

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Norway [NO]
 Total cost 2˙278˙884 €
 EC max contribution 2˙278˙884 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2016-ADG
 Funding Scheme ERC-ADG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-01-01   to  2022-12-31

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN NO (BERGEN) coordinator 2˙278˙884.00

Map

 Project objective

A critical question in Earth system science is what was the impact of prehistoric people on the biosphere and climate? There is much information about human impact through clearance, agriculture, erosion, and modifying water and nutrient budgets. Humans have greatly changed the Earth in the last 8000 years, but did humans modify the major ecological processes (e.g. assembly rules) that shape community assembly and dynamics? Did inter-relationships between processes change in response to human impact? Lyons et al. & Dietl (2016 Nature) suggest that human activities in the last 6000 years had such impacts. Dietl proposes that using past ‘natural experiments’ to predict future changes is “flawed” and “out is the use of uniformitarianism”. As using natural experiments is a common strategy and uniformitarianism is the major working concept in Earth sciences, it is imperative to test whether prehistoric human activity changed major ecological processes determining community development. To test this hypothesis, patterns in pollen-stratigraphical data for the past 11,500 years from over 2000 sites across the globe will be explored consistently using numerical techniques to discern changes in 25 ecosystem properties (richness, evenness, and diversity; turnover; rates of change; taxon co-occurrences, etc.). Patterns in these properties will be compared statistically at sites within biomes, between biomes, within continents, and between continents to test the hypotheses that prehistoric human activities changed the basic ecological processes of community assembly and that their inter-relationships changed through time. These areas provide major contrasts in human prehistory and biomes. HOPE is interdisciplinary: pollen analysis, databases, multivariate analysis, ecology, new statistical methods, numerical simulations, statistical modelling. HOPE’s impact goes beyond human effects on the biosphere and extends to the very core of Earth science’s basic conceptual framework.

 Deliverables

List of deliverables.
Data Management Plan Open Research Data Pilot 2019-09-09 17:51:36

Take a look to the deliverables list in detail:  detailed list of HOPE deliverables.

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The information about "HOPE" are provided by the European Opendata Portal: CORDIS opendata.

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