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NEWTON SIGNED

NEw Windown inTO Earth's iNterior

Total Cost €

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EC-Contrib. €

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Partnership

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Project "NEWTON" data sheet

The following table provides information about the project.

Coordinator
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PADOVA 

Organization address
address: VIA 8 FEBBRAIO 2
city: PADOVA
postcode: 35122
website: www.unipd.it

contact info
title: n.a.
name: n.a.
surname: n.a.
function: n.a.
email: n.a.
telephone: n.a.
fax: n.a.

 Coordinator Country Italy [IT]
 Total cost 1˙466˙030 €
 EC max contribution 1˙466˙030 € (100%)
 Programme 1. H2020-EU.1.1. (EXCELLENT SCIENCE - European Research Council (ERC))
 Code Call ERC-2017-STG
 Funding Scheme ERC-STG
 Starting year 2018
 Duration (year-month-day) from 2018-03-01   to  2023-02-28

 Partnership

Take a look of project's partnership.

# participants  country  role  EC contrib. [€] 
1    UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PADOVA IT (PADOVA) coordinator 1˙236˙030.00
2    ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI GEOFISICA E VULCANOLOGIA IT (ROMA) participant 230˙000.00

Map

 Project objective

Comprehensive seismic programs undertaken in the past few years, combined with emerging new numerical technologies now provide the potential, for the first time, to explore in detail the Earth’s interior. However, such an integrated approach is currently not contemplated, which produces physical inconsistencies among the different studies that strongly bias our understanding of the Earth’s internal structure and dynamics. Of particular concern are nowadays apparent thermo-petrological anomalies in tomographic images that are generated by the unaccounted-for anisotropic structure of the mantle and that are commonly confused with real thermo-petrological features. Given the diffuse mantle seismic anisotropy, apparent thermo-petrological anomalies contaminate most tomographic models against which tectono-magmatic models are validated, representing a critical issue for the present-day window. Here we aim to develop a new methodology that combines state-of-the-art geodynamic modelling and seismological methods. The new methodology will allow building robust anisotropic tomographic models that will exploit anisotropy predictions from petrological-thermomechanical modelling to decompose velocity anomalies into isotropic (true thermo-petrological) and anisotropic (mechanically-induced) components. As a major outcome, we expect to provide a new, geodynamically and seismologically constrained perspective of the current deep structure and tectono-magmatic evolution of different tectonic settings. This new methodology will be applied to the Mediterranean and the Cascadia subduction zone where, despite the abundant seismological observations, large uncertainties about the subsurface structure and tectono-magmatic evolution persist. Furthermore, we plan to develop a new inversion technique for seismic anisotropy, and release an open source, sophisticated code for mantle fabric modelling, which will allow coupling geodynamic and seismological modelling in other tectonic settings.

 Publications

year authors and title journal last update
List of publications.
2018 Judith M. Confal, Manuele Faccenda, Tuna Eken, Tuncay Taymaz
Numerical simulation of 3-D mantle flow evolution in subduction zone environments in relation to seismic anisotropy beneath the eastern Mediterranean region
published pages: 50-61, ISSN: 0012-821X, DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.06.005
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 497 2019-09-20
2019 Ana M. G. Ferreira, Manuele Faccenda, William Sturgeon, Sung-Joon Chang, Lewis Schardong
Ubiquitous lower-mantle anisotropy beneath subduction zones
published pages: 301-306, ISSN: 1752-0894, DOI: 10.1038/s41561-019-0325-7
Nature Geoscience 12/4 2019-09-20
2019 Manuele Faccenda, Ana M. G. Ferreira, Nicola Tisato, Carolina Lithgow‐Bertelloni, Lars Stixrude, Giorgio Pennacchioni
Extrinsic Elastic Anisotropy in a Compositionally Heterogeneous Earth\'s Mantle
published pages: 1671-1687, ISSN: 2169-9313, DOI: 10.1029/2018jb016482
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 124/2 2019-09-20
2018 Quan Zhou, Jiashun Hu, Lijun Liu, Thomas Chaparro, Dave R. Stegman, Manuele Faccenda
Western U.S. seismic anisotropy revealing complex mantle dynamics
published pages: 156-167, ISSN: 0012-821X, DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.08.015
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 500 2019-09-20

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